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WH: MIDTERM EXAM

WH Midterm Exam 2014

TermDefinition
IMPERIALISM PRINCIPLE THAT A POWERFUL NATION CAN DOMINATE THE POLITICAL, ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL AFFAIRS OF ANOTHER COUNTRY (I.E., EUROPEANS CONTROLING THE AMERICAN COLONIES)
MERCANTILISM BELIEF THAT A COUNTRY'S GOVERNMENT SHOULD DO ALL IT CAN TO INCREASE WEALTH; COLONIES ARE USED FOR RAW MATERIALS AND TO PURCHASE FINISHED GOODS
HENRY VIII ENGLISH KING WHO ESTABLISHED THE ANGLICAN CHURCH
GUTENBERG RENAISSANCE INVENTOR RESPONSIBLE FOR THE PRINTING PRESS
PRINTING PRESS INVENTION THAT SPREAD THE IDEAS OF THE RENAISSANCE
FLORENCE, ITALY WHERE DID THE RENAISSANCE BEGIN?
MARTIN LUTHER GERMAN PRIEST WHO WROTE THE 95 THESES
95 THESES DOCUMENT POSTED BY MARTIN LUTHER THAT CHALLENGED PRACTICES OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH, ESPECIALLY SELLING OF INDULGENCES
PURITANS ENGLISH CALVINISTS WHO WANTED TO PURIFY THE PROTESTANT CHURCH OF CATHOLIC INFLUENCES
DA VINCI MAJOR ITALIAN RENAISSANCE ARTIST
CALVIN FOUNDER OF A PROTESTANT RELIGION THAT RELIED ON FAITH, THE BIBLE AND PREDESTINATION
SHAKESPEARE English RENAISSANCE poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language
CZAR RUSSIAN TITLE FOR RULER; FROM THE TERM "CAESAR"
DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS BELIEF OF EUROPEAN MONARCHS THAT GOD HAD CHOSEN THEM TO RULE
CHECKS AND BALANCES POLITICAL SYSTEM USED TO INSURE NO ONE BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT BECOMES TOO POWERFUL
ABSOLUTISM CENTRALIZED POWER HELD BY DIVINE RIGHT, WITH NO CHECKS AND BALANCES
ARMADA SPANISH NAVY THAT WAS STRONGEST IN WORLD UNTIL DEFEATED BY THE ENGLISH
EDICT OF NANTES HENRY IV ALLOWED FREEDOM OF RELIGION FOR HUGUENOTS THROUGH THIS DOCUMENT
LEGISLATIVE BRANCH BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT THAT MAKES THE LAW (CONGRESS=HOUSE + SENATE)
EXECUTIVE BRANCH BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT THAT ENFORCES THE LAW (PRESIDENT, VP, CABINET)
JUDICIAL BRANCH BRANCH OF GOVERNMENT THAT INTERPRETS THE LAW (JUDICIAL REVIEW)
CHARLES I ENGLISH KING WHO WAS BEHEADED DURING THE ENGLISH REVOLUTION
CABINET DEPARTMENT HEADS WHO ARE ADVISORS TO THE PRESIDENT OR A MONARCH
ENLIGHTENMENT HISTORIC PERIOD THAT EMPHASIZED SEEKING TRUTH THROUGH LOGIC, THAT HUMAN ACTIONS CAN DETERMINE THE FUTURE AND PRODUCED THE PHILOSOPHES (CRITICS OF SOCIETY)
DENIS DIDEROT ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER WHO EDITED AND PUBLISHED THE ENCYCLOPEDIA
ROUSSEAU ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER WHO BELIEVED IN THE REPUBLIC FORM OF GOVERNMENT
VOLTAIRE ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER WHO SAID, "I (MAY) DISAPPROVE OF WHAT YOU SAY, BUT I WILL DEFEND TO THE DEATH YOUR RIGHT TO SAY IT." (PROMOTED FREEDOM OF SPEECH AND FREEDOM OF RELIGION)
MONTESQUIEU ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER WHOSE IDEAS INCLUDED SEPARATION OF POWERS AND CHECKS AND BALANCES
HOBBES ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER WHO BELIEVED IN A SOCIAL CONTRACT THAT REQUIRES GIVING UP RIGHTS TO INSURE GROUP SAFETY; BELIEVED IN ABSOLUTE POWER OF MONARCHS
LOCKE ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER WHO BELIEVED IN A SOCIAL CONTRACT THAT DOES NOT LIMIT YOUR INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS (LIFE, LIBERTY, PROPERTY); BASIS OF THE DECLARATION
OLIVER CROMWELL LEADER OF THE ROUNDHEADS DURING THE ENGLISH CIVIL WAR; ESTABLISHED THE PROTECTORATE AND BECAME LORD PROTECTOR AFTER BEHEADING CHARLES I
AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT A TIME PERIOD OF PHILOSOPHES, SECULARISM AND RATIONALISM
KING GEORGE III ENGLISH KING AT THE TIME OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
PLYMOUTH, MASS SITE OF LANDING OF THE MAYFLOWER AND THE PILGRIMS
JAMESTOWN, VIRGINIA FIRST PERMANENT ENGLISH SETTLEMENT IN NORTH AMERICA
FRENCH & INDIAN WAR WAR BETWEEN FRANCE AND ENGLAND OVER NORTH AMERICAN TERRITORY; ENGLAND WON; LED TO AMERICAN REVOLUTION
STAMP ACT SUGAR ACT TAXES PLACED ON AMERICAN COLONIES BY THE BRITISH TO PAY FOR THE FRENCH & INDIAN WAR
BOSTON TEA PARTY PATRIOTS REVOLT THAT RESULTED IN THROWING TEA IN THE BOSTON HARBOR
LEXINGTON AND CONCORD LOCATION OF THE BEGINIING OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
BATTLE OF YORKTOWN LOCATION OF CORNWALLIS' SURRENDER AND THE END OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
ARTICLE OF CONFEDERATION FIRST ATTEMPT AT A US CONSTITUTION; CENTRAL GOVERNMENT WAS TOO WEAK; WAS REPLACED BY THE US CONSTITUTION
SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS GATHERING OF REPRESENTATIVES FROM COLONIES; WROTE AND SIGNED THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
CONSTITUTION PLAN OF GOVERNMENT
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN FOUNDING FATHER WHO NEGOTIATED THE TREATY OF PARIS (1783) THAT SETTLED THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
GEORGE WASHINGTON COMMANDER OF THE PATRIOT FORCES DURING THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION AND FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE US
THOMAS JEFFERSON FOUNDING FATHER WHO WROTE THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
BASTILLE FRENCH PRISON THAT WAS THE SCENE OF A REVOLUTIONARY PROTEST
ROBESPIERRRE RADICAL JACOBIN LEADER WHO WAS RESPOSIBLE FOR THE REIGN OF TERROR
LOUIS XVI FRENCH MONARCH DURING THE FRENCH REVOLUTION WHO WAS BEHEADED; HUSBAND TO MARIE ANTOINETTE
ANCIEN REGIME TIME PERIOD BEFORE 1789 (THE FRENCH REVOLUTION)
REIGN OF TERROR RADICAL TIME PERIOD OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION (1793-1794); GUILLOTINE WAS USED TO SUPPRESS ALL OPPOSITION TO THE REVOLUTION
BOURGEOISIE THE URBAN MIDDLE CLASS OF FRANCE (DOCTORS, LAWYERS, BUSINESSMEN)
COUP D'ETAT "STROKE OF STATE"; OVERTHROW OF THE GOVERNMENT; USED BY NAPOLEON TO TAKE CONTROL OF FRANCE
WATERLOO CITY OF NAPOLEON'S FINAL DEFEAT
CONCERT OF EUROPE AN ALLIANCE OF EUROPEAN NATIONS TO MAINTAIN THE BALANCE OF POWER IN EUROPE
COTTAGE SYSTEM "PUTTING OUT SYSTEM"; INDIVIDUALS CREATE PRODUCTS IN THEIR HOMES AND ARE PAID BY THE PIECE
CAPITALISM ECONOMIC SYSTEM IN WHICH INDIVIDUALS OR BUSINESSES OWN THE FACTORS OF PRODUCTION
CORPORATION LARGE SCALE BUSINESS THAT IS OWNED BY STOCKHOLDERS AND RUN BY A BOARD OF DIRECTORS
MONOPOLY COMPLETE CONTROL OF A PRODUCT OR SERVICE BY ONE CORPORATION
FACTORS OF PRODUCTION ELEMENTS NEEDED FOR PRODUCING GOODS AND SERVICES: CAPITAL, LABOR, RESOURCES,
ADAM SMITH ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER OF ECONOMICS WHO PROMOTED LAISSEZ FAIRE AND DEVELOPED IDEA OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND
LAISSEZ FAIRE ECONOMICS ECONOMIC THEORY THAT BELIEVES GOVERNMENT SHOULD NOT INTERFERE IN BUSINESS (TO LET ALONE)
UNIONS WORKER GROUPS WHO USE COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AND STRIKES TO ACHIEVE GOALS
STRIKE WORK STOPPAGE USED BY LABOR UNIONS TO PROTEST
COLLECTIVE BARGAINING WORKERS NEGOTIATE WITH OWNERS (MANAGEMENT)AS A GROUP FOR WAGE INCREASES AND IMPROVED WORKING CONDITIONS
ECONOMY HOW PEOPLE. BUSINESSES AND GOVERNMENT MAKE MONEY (REVENUE) AND SPEND MONEY (EXPENDITURES)
TENNIS COURT OATH THE THIRD ESTATE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THIS EVENT THAT MARKS THE BEGINNING OF THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
Created by: dotsspots