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S.S. Final Exam, G:6

All the vocabulary you need for the 6th Grade S.S. Final Exam.

Culture The customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements of a particular nation, people, or other social group.
Architecture The art or practice of designing and constructing buildings.
Legacies An amount of money or property left to someone in a will.
Prehistory The period of time before written records.
Surplus An amount of something left over when requirements have been met; an excess of production or supply over demand.
Specialization Concentrate on and become expert in a particular subject or skill.
Drought A prolonged period of abnormally low rainfall; a shortage of water resulting from this.
Barter Exchange (goods or services) for other goods or services without using money.
Pharaoh The ancient Egyptian rulers of all periods.
Apartheid (In South Africa) A policy or system of segregation or discrimination on grounds of race.
Cheops/Khufu Egyptian pharaoh of the 4th dynasty; Egyptian name Khufu. He commissioned the building of the Great Pyramid at Giza.
Nile A river in eastern Africa, the longest river in the world, that rises in east central Africa near Lake Victoria and flows 4,160 miles (6,695 km) north through Uganda, Sudan, and Egypt to empty through a large delta into the Mediterranean Sea.
Mediterranean Sea An almost landlocked sea between southern Europe, the northern coast of Africa, and southwestern Asia.
Nile Delta Is the delta formed in Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt) where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea.
Ziggurat (In ancient Mesopotamia) A rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple.
Polytheism The belief in or worship of more than one god.
Monotheism The doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
Abraham (In the Bible) The Hebrew patriarch from whom all Jews trace their descent.
Primary Source A primary source is a source of information such as a paper or a picture for instance that was created at the time being studied by an authoritative source, usually one with direct personal knowledge of the events being described.
Secondary Source A document or recording that relates or discusses information originally presented elsewhere.
Hammurabi The sixth king of the first dynasty of Babylonia, reigned 1792–1750 bc. He extended the Babylonian empire and instituted one of the earliest known collections of laws.
City-State A city that with it's surrounding territory forms an independent state.
Sumer An ancient region in southwestern Asia, in present-day Iraq, comprising the southern part of Mesopotamia. From the 4th millennium bc it was the site of city-states that became part of ancient Babylonia.
Fertile Crescent A crescent-shaped area of fertile land in the Middle East that extends from the eastern Mediterranean coast through the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to the Persian Gulf.
Meiji Restoration A chain of events that led to enormous changes in Japan's political and social structure. It occurred in the later half of the 19th century, a period that spans both the late Edo period.
Emperor A sovereign ruler of great power and rank.
Tokugawa Shogunate A feudal regime of Japan established by Tokugawa Ieyasu and ruled by the shoguns of the Tokugawa family.
Mount Fuji/Fujiyama A dormant volcano on the island of Honshu in Japan. Japan's highest mountain, it rises to 12,385 feet (3,776 m). It is regarded as sacred by the Japanese.
Archipelago A sea or stretch of water containing many islands.
Pearl Harbor A harbor on the island of Oʻahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu. Much of the harbor and surrounding lands is a United States Navy deep-water naval base. The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan brought the United States into World War II.
Greece A country in southeastern Europe; pop. 10,647,000; official language, Greek; capital, Athens.
Oligarchy A small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution.
Sparta A city in the southern Peloponnese in Greece, capital of the department of Laconia; pop. 13,000. It was a powerful city-state in the 5th century bc and defeated its rival Athens in the Peloponnesian War to become the leading city of Greece.
Democracy A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives.
Athens The capital of Greece, in the southern part of the country; pop. 3,096,775.
Olympic Games An ancient Greek festival with athletic, literary, and musical competitions, held at Olympia every four years traditionally from 776 bc until abolished by the Roman emperor Theodosius I in ad 393.
Homer (8th century bc ), Greek epic poet. He is traditionally held to be the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey.
Alexander the Great He was one of the most successful military commanders of all time and is presumed undefeated in battle.
Aristotle (384–322 bc), Greek philosopher and scientist. A student of Plato and tutor to Alexander the Great.
Socrates (469–399 bc), ancient Athenian philosopher.
Jury Trial A legal proceeding in which a jury either makes a decision or makes findings of fact which are then applied by a judge.
Republic A state in which supreme power is held by the people and their elected representatives, and which has an elected or nominated president rather than a monarch.
Plebeian (In ancient Rome) a member of the lower social classes.
Patrician A member of a noble family or class in ancient Rome.
Julius Caesar Dictator of the Roman Empire. He was murdered on the Ides (15th) of March in a conspiracy led by Brutus and Cassius.
Holocaust Destruction or slaughter on a mass scale, esp. caused by fire or nuclear war.
World War II A war (1939–45) in which the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan) were defeated by an alliance eventually including the United Kingdom and its dominions, the Soviet Union, and the U.S.
Dictator A ruler with total power over a country, typically one who has obtained power by force.
Adolf Hitler A German leader born in Austria; chancellor of Germany 1933–45. He cofounded the National Socialist German Workers’ (Nazi) Party in 1919. His expansionist foreign policy precipitated World War II, while his fanatical anti-Semitism led to the Holocaust.
Self-Sufficient Needing no outside help in satisfying one's basic needs, esp. with regard to the production of food.
Egypt A country in northeastern Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea; pop. 76,117,000; capital, Cairo; official language, Arabic.
Mesopotamia an ancient region of southwestern Asia in present-day Iraq, lying between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Its alluvial plains were the site of the civilizations of Akkad, Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria.
Iraq A country in the Middle East, with an outlet on the Persian Gulf; pop. 25,374,000; capital, Baghdad; official language, Arabic.
Iran a country in the Middle East, between the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf; pop. 69,018,000; capital, Tehran; languages, Farsi (Persian) (official), Turkish, Kurdish, Arabic, and others.
India A country in southern Asia that occupies the greater part of the Indian subcontinent; pop. 1,065,000,000; capital, New Delhi; official languages, Hindi and English, 14 other languages are recognized as official in certain regions.
Pakistan A country in the Indian subcontinent; pop. 159,196,000; capital, Islamabad; languages, Urdu (official), English (official), Punjabi, Sindhi, and Pashto
China A country in eastern Asia, the third largest and most populous in the world; pop. 1,298,847,000; capital, Beijing; language, Chinese (Mandarin is the official form). Official name People's Republic of China.
Japan country in eastern Asia that occupies a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean roughly parallel with the eastern coast of the Asiatic mainland; pop. 127,333,000; capital, Tokyo; official language, Japanese. Japanese name Nippon.
Rome The capital of Italy , situated in the west central part of the country, on the Tiber River, about 16 miles (25 km) inland; pop. 2,791,000.
Italy A country in southern Europe; pop. 58,057,000; capital, Rome; official language, Italian. Italian name Italia.
Monk A member of a religious community of men typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
Buddhism A widespread Asian religion or philosophy, founded by Siddartha Gautama in northeastern India in the 5th century bc.
Siddhārtha Gautama A spiritual teacher in the northern region of the Ancient India who founded Buddhism.
Himalayas a vast mountain system in southern Asia that extends for 1,500 miles (2,400 km) from Kashmir east to Assam. The Himalayas consist of a series of parallel ranges that rise up from the Ganges River basin to the Tibetan plateau.
Hindu Kush A mountain range in northern Pakistan and Afghanistan that forms a western continuation of the Himalayas. Several peaks exceed 20,000 feet (6,150 m), the highest being Tirich Mir.
Pakistan A country in the Indian subcontinent; pop. 159,196,000; capital, Islamabad; languages, Urdu (official), English (official), Punjabi, Sindhi, and Pashto.
Chinese Of or relating to China or its language, culture, or people.
Oracle bones Pieces of bone or turtle plastron bearing the answers to divination chiefly during the late Shang Dynasty. They were heated and cracked, then typically inscribed using a bronze pin in what is known as oracle bone script.
Communism A political theory derived from Karl Marx, advocating class war and leading to a society in which all property is publicly owned and each person works and is paid according to their abilities and needs.
Shihuangdi Personal name Ying Zheng, was king of the Chinese State of Qin from 246 BCE to 221 BCE during the Warring States Period. He became the first emperor of a unified China in 221 BCE.
Created by: Sushi Dude