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Vital Signs


Vital Signs Includes temperature, pulse, respiration, and blood pressure. Signs of life. Indication of one's health status. Vita=Life
Temperature Reflects the balance between heat loss and heat gain.
Fahrenheit F=(Cx1.8)+32
Celcius C=(F-32)/1.8
Temperature: Oral 97-99 F
Temperature: Rectal One degree higher (98-100)
Temperature: Axillary One degree lower (96-98)
Febrile Having a fever
Afebrile Not having a fever
Lysis Gradual return to normal
Crisis Sudden return to normal
Oral Sublingual (Tongue)
Aural Tympanic Membrane (Ear)
Forehead Temporal Artery
Pulse (P) Represents the wave of alternating expansion and relaxation of the arterial walls with each contraction of the left ventricle.
P:Rate 60-100min (Pulse)
P:Rhythm Interval of time between beats
Radial Wrist; thumb-side
Brachial Medial fold of arm
Carotoid Groove of neck
Popliteal Posterior knee
Dorsalis Pedis Superior foot
Apical Left lateral chest, below nipple (by the heart)
Respiration (R) Involves the exchange of respiratory gases: oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2)
External Respiration Exchange of gases between the alveoli and capillaries.
Internal Respiration Exchange of gases between the capillaries and cells.
R:Rate Number of respirations per unit time Beats per minute 12-20/min Ratio 4:1
R:Rhythm Interval of time between each respiration (Heart Beat)
R:Volume Quantity of air respired. Force of strength Breath In
Rales Moist, raspy, crackling sound due to bronchial secretions (rubbing hair together).
Rhonchus Low-pitched vibrations/sounds, especially on exhalation, due to secretion accumulation.
Breathing Pattern-Orthopnea Difficult when lying down
Breathing Pattern-Hypopnea Decreased depth
Breathing Pattern-Tachypnea Increased rate
Breathing Pattern-Bradypnea Decreased rate
Breathing Pattern-Eupnea Normal
Breathing Pattern-Dyspnea Difficult, labored pain
Breathing Pattern-Apnea Temporary cessation
Breathing Pattern-Hyperpnea Increased depth
Pulse Oximetry Noninvasive method to monitor the oxygenation of arterial hemoglobin. Normal: SpO2=95-99%
Blood Pressure (BP) Indirect measure of the force of pressure the blood exerts on arterial walls.
Systole Force of pressure when the heart is contracting (Top Number)
Diastole Force of pressure when the heart is relaxed. (Bottom Number) mmHg
Normal Values (Adult) Blood Pressure Range=90/60-140/90
Sphygmomanometer Instrument used to measure blood pressure BP Cuff
P: Pulse Deficit Difference between apical and radial pulse.
BP: Pulse Pressure Difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure.
Stridor Crowning sound upon inspiration-suggest upper airway obstruction
Stertor Laborious, snore-like breathing caused by obstructions in upper respiratory tract.
Breathing Pattern-Hyperventilation Increased rate and depth of breathing associated with anxiety
Cheyne-Strokes Alternating periods of tachypnea/hypernea and apnea
P:Pulse Deficit Difference between apical and radial pulse
Apical Pulse Procedure Stethoscope to measure Count for one minute
Femoral Groin region
Temporal Temple
Increased Rate Fever Aggitated Acute Pain
Decreased Rate Depression Chronic Pain
Onset Beginning of fever
Remittent Elevated fluctuation not returning to normal
Created by: itsdelis