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FoR Midterm

Foundations of the Resoration

• The four major time periods of Church history we will cover in this class Beginnings (1805-1830), Two Church Centers (1831-1838), Nauvoo Period (1839-1845), Westward Exodus and Great Basin Kingdom (1846-1896)
• What it means to learn by study and also by faith Study: scriptures, words of the prophets, church publications, peer reviewed scholarly works Faith: living the gospel, trusting the lord and his promises, being humble, looking at evidence
• The “Resolve” method ○ React humbly ○ Examine assumptions ○ Substantiate sources ○ Obtain trusted information ○ Locate within the plan ○ Verify spiritually, ○ Embrace new understanding
• What is “Doctrine”? Something that is taught or instructed. Teaching, the act of teaching, instruction. Not only eternal teachings, but any instruction authoritatively taught or recognized by the church
• What are four types of doctrine? Core (unchanging truth), Supportive (expand on core truths), Policy (application of core/supportive doctrine), Esoteric (unknown, or partially revealed truths)
• What are four measures of evaluating an official LDS teaching? Harmonized scriptures (found consistently in the scriptures), United voice of the presidency (united statements with the signature of the 1st presidency), Repeated teachings of GAs (taught collectively/consistently by current GAs), Church publications
• What are five measures of evaluating an LDS historical source? Primary source (written by direct participant/observer), Contemporary account (recorded near the time of event), Intent and Tone (fair, balanced, open), Relationship to other sources (consistent with other sources), Factual interference (based on facts)
• Why are there different First Vision accounts? - Audience, purpose, memory, Context, content, interpretation - You tailor your stories differently when you tell it to different people - Different details come to you at different times - you forget and remember things
• What are the respective years, context, and audiences of the 4 primary First Vision accounts (pre-reading)? 1832: written by Joseph, focus on his redemption. 1835: to Joshua the jewish minister. 1838: current used version, historical document with fact and detail. 1842: Wentworth letter in the Chicago paper
• Who (the names) wrote the five secondary accounts (pre-reading)? Orson Pratt, Orson Hyde, Levi Richards, David Nye White, Alexander Neibar
• What are some of the unique contributions of each primary account? 32: years of searching, personal forgivenes, filled w/ love. 35: description of attack, not a dual appearance, many angels. 38: religious confusion, descriptive details, discussion w/ mother. 42: transfiguration, father&son look the same
• What are some of the unique contributions of the secondary accounts? Pratt: wrapper by light/fire. Hyde: inappropriate images. Richards: covenant broken. White: the axe. Neibar: description of Christ
• What are two primary doctrinal messages from the First Vision? 1. There is an error in doctrinal truths in religious dominations. Doctrinal apostasy. 2. Apostasy from authorized covenants/ordinances. The everlasting covenant was broken.
• What is a creed? Statements of belief (ex. articles of faith)
• What are the basic Christian creeds? - The apostles creed - Nicene creed - Creed of Chalcedon - Athanasios creed
• How do creeds define a modern “Christian”? A belief in the creeds is what defines a modern christian
• What does it mean that churches “deny [God’s] power?” I suppose denying the power of God through his covenants and priesthood power
• When and how did Joseph Smith obtain a seer stone, and what did he use it for? Digging a well while he was 16 in 1822 (chase farm), and by lake eerie; Used for translating
• What were the two things Moroni told Joseph to overcome to obtain the plates in his 4 year probationary period? Desire for riches, and a Desire for his own glory
• Who are Samuel Lawrence and Willard Chase? Joseph Smiths treasure hunting buddies
• What are D&C 3, 10 about? 3: the lords chastisement of Joseph for losing the pages, and then his change of tone in talking about mercy, repentance, and forgiveness 10: the alterations of the 116 pages to discredit Joseph if he were to retranslate them
• Which revelation is the first known written revelation of Joseph Smith? D&C 3
• When and why did Joseph Smith lose his gift to translate? How many times were the urim and thummim taken from Joseph? What else was taken from him? - He lost the urim and thummim and the plates Got taken from him twice in the summer of 1828 because his asking God so much if Martin could take the 116 pages
• What covenant did Martin Harris break (focus point)? He showed them to more people than he was given permission to by the Lord
• Which revelation acted as the “preface” to the original 1830 BOM? ? D&C 10
• How was the Book of Mormon translated? Putting the urim and thummim stones in a hat to block the light and then reading what was on the stone. Although, we don't exactly know how the translation happened, only Joseph does - that is was done by the power of God through the Urim and Thummim.
• What were the instruments used in the translation of the Book of Mormon? What are their names and sources? The two interpreters, the seer stone, spectacles (for the stones to fit in)
• What is the gift of Aaron? (focus point) Gift of working with the rod, or divining rods
• What is the broader definition of Urim and Thummim? Urim and Thummim is an umbrella term. It means a divine tool - often a stone - that god has prepared for revelatory purposes. There are multiple Urim and Thummim.
• How does God use divine instruments to aid in revelation? He uses instruments that aids in communicating with us. Stones, rods, and now oil, bread and water.
• What are the primary messages of the Book of Mormon that laid a new foundation for our faith - Covenants of the Lord through Christ. Faith, repentance, baptism, holy ghost. - Some native people descend from Israel. - There will be a new Jerusalem - The lord will manifest himself to all nations. God speaks to all nations
• Where, when, and by whom were the keys of the Aaronic and Melchizedek priesthood restored? (focus point) Aaronic: May 15, 1829, Harmony Pennsylvania, by John the Baptist Melchizedek: Possibly 1829, between Harmony and Colesville, by Peter, James, and John
• What are the different “types” of priesthood definitions and their meanings? (Power) Through righteousness and ordinances (Authority) Power of God delegated to us (Ordinances) Rituals done under those with keys (Offices) Divisions of authority to perform rights&duties (Keys) Authority God gives leaders to govern his priesthood
• Who restored the keys of the Aaronic priesthood and what are its 3 keys? John the Baptist ○ Ministering of angels - holy ghost ○ The gospel of repentance - sacrament ○ Baptism by immersion
• What is the offering of the sons of Levi? Temple Ordinances, including performing ordinances for the dead
• What keys did Peter, James, and John restore? Melchizedek priesthood
• What happened in the chamber of Father Whitmer related to priesthood restoration? Praying for more priesthood, and then ordaining each other to the office of elder
• What is the “High priesthood of Melchizedek” and how was it restored at the June 1831 conference? The power to seal people up to heaven. Early church members ordained to the high priesthood
• What are the original priesthood offices in the Church in April 1830? Deacon, Teacher, Priest, Elder
• What specific priesthood offices developed later? Bishop (1831), Patriarch (1833), High Council (1834), Quorum of the 70, and 12 Apostles (1835)
• What D&C section is the Church’s Constitution, or “Articles and Covenants”? D&C 20
• What are the four foundational events of the Church listed in D&C 20? First Vision, Angel Moroni, Translation of the Book of Mormon, 3 Witnesses of the Plates
• What are the six foundational doctrines of the Church listed in D&C 20? There is a God, Creation, Fall, Atonement, Baptism, Justification/Sanctification by the grace of Christ
• What are the foundational practices of the Church related to baptism, Priesthood ordinations/approval, baptizing children, keeping records? Duties of the priesthood, qualifications for baptism, vote for ordinations, age of accountability for baptism (no official age yet), keeping records of church members, sacrament prayers, blessing children (no formal prayer), duties after baptism
• What are Joseph’s five original titles he is sustained with and their respective meanings? Seer (sees with spiritual eyes, interpreter and clarifier of eternal truth), Translator (discern and transmit the intent of the scripture), Prophet (testify of Christ), Apostle (special witness of Christ), Elder (minister of Christ)
• The number of un-canonized revelations of Joseph Smith in revelation books 1 and 2 (focus point) 9
• Why are written revelations altered? (1) Errors in transcription (2) Typographical errors (3) To communicate ideas more clearly (4) Additional revelation received that add further understanding
• What are key principles to remember about what makes a D&C revelation? They are changeable, expressed in a prophet's language, come in various ways, not all canonized (must be approved to be canonized)
o What are the years of the 7 major printings of the D&C where changes are made? 1833 (book of commandments), 1835 (doctrine and covenants, 1844 (added sections), 1876 (chronologically, divided into verses), 1921 (double column, OD#1), 1981 (revised footnotes, 137-8, OD#2), 2013 (correct facts, precise dates, better context)
o What were the original “doctrine” and “covenants”? Book of Commandments. (lectures on faith, and covenants)
o What is the role of Orson Pratt? Finds and adds 26 sections into the Doctrine and Covenants. Rearranged the order of the sections chronologically and divided them into verses. Removed the article on marriage
o What year was the removal of the article on marriage and lectures on faith? 1876, removal of the section of marriage --- 1921, removal on the lecture on faith
• What section is the revelatory “preface” to the BOC/D&C and what are the primary messages of the preface? D&C 1 as a voice of warning, and a restoration of the Church
• What is “Joseph’s Promise”? Search the scriptures, ask God if these are his words, and then you can have a testimony of the Doctrine and Covenants
• What book of scripture is the foundation of the Church in the latter days? Doctrine and Covenants
• What is a 4-step approach to studying the D&C? - Learn the background/historical context - Study for original intent (what did it mean to the recipients) - Search for statements of truth (doctrine) - Make application personally
• Name at least three resources to turn to learn D&C historical context. - Joseph Smith Papers website - Revelations in Context website - Bro. Sweat Context Videos - Making sense of the doctrine and covenants - New section headings (post 2013) - Institute Manual
• D&C 25 is an important revelation to Emma Smith, and for women of the Church in general Emma is an elect lady. One of the rare revelations directly to a woman.
• Who is Hyrum Page and what happened at the September 1830 conference because of him? He received revelation and claimed it was for the church -- Can God speak to anyone, who can receive revelation for the church? D&C 28 as an answer
• What are two revelation “tests” and their meanings? Stewardship test: no revelation commanding or directing someone outside your defined realm of responsibility Brethren test: no revelation that tells you to rebel against the united voice of the current first presidency and the twelve
• Where do we get the Book of Moses, Abraham, and the Pearl of Great Price? (focus point) PGP: Apostle Franklin D. Richards in England compiles some of JSs teachings so the English saints can have access. Later called the pearl of great price. ABR: Buying of the scrolls MS: Revelation from the question of what had been removed from the bible
• What is the Joseph Smith “Translation” of the Bible (and what it is NOT)? It's revealed transmission rather than literal language to language translation. Adding to, taking away, clarifying, restoring original intent, rephrasing, and interpreting
• How much of the JST do we have and use in our scriptures? We only have a third of the changed verses
• How did the JST start (what launched it)? Joseph learned when finishing the BOM translation what "many plain and precious things" had been removed from the bible. So he was like "what?"
• What is the timeline of the JST (when/where did he start and finish it)? Summer 1830 to Summer 1833
• How does the JST contributed to the restoration of truth and schooling of Joseph? He tried to learn more languages. The JST taught the prophet because he had questions while he read the bible, and then received revelations.
• How did the JST get published (under what names), how did we (LDS) get it, and who is Robert J. Matthews? Published by RLDS under the name "The Holy Scriptures - The Inspired Version" by JSIII. Robert Matthews was primarily responsible for bringing it to us through close relations with RLDS
• How is the JST finished but it is not (and what does that even mean)? Not every verse was translated
• Where the Book of Abraham came from and how it became part of LDS scripture today? (focus point) Came from the scrolls that the church bought, now in the Pearl of Great Price
• How was the Book of Abraham translated? (focus point) Wasn't directly translated, but rather was revealed to Joseph. We don't have an exact idea of how this was done.
• What does it mean that Abraham desired the “blessings of the fathers”? Abraham wanted the priesthood of the patriarchs/matriarchs (adam, noah, enoch, etc.)
• What is the Abrahamic Covenant? Promised land (celestial kingdom) --- Priesthood (authority, power, ordinances) --- Prosperity (eternal marriage and increase) ---
• What is the object lesson of Abraham 3 about? Lessons about the planets to talk about the plan of salvation -- Planets symbolizing intelligences
• Who does the planet Kolob symbolize? Jesus! Closest to God
• What are the facsimile’s and what do they represent? - 1st about Abraham being delivered - deliverance - 2nd about knowledge of the next life - eternal knowledge - 3rd about Abraham on a throne - judgment and exaltation
• What themes progress through the Book of Abraham, and where else do we see that today? Pattern of heaven -- same theme in the temple endowments
• What is the “Lamanite mission” and its major effect on the Church? (1) Church's commitment to preach to the descendants of the Lamanites of the BoM (2) Establishes a new church center. Missionaries found many converts (3) Led to identifying Jackson County as New Jerusalem and brought JS to lay the foundation of Zion
• What are the five reasons the Lord command his saints to gather to Ohio? - To help them escape the destruction of the enemy - To care for the poor and the needy (by consecration) - To become a righteous people without spot - To give them his law (the "more perfect" law) - To endow them with divine power
• What D&C section is known as “The Law” of the Church D&C 42
• What are its “more perfect” commandments (especially the non-10 commandment ones)? - Teach the gospel - Love thy wife - Not speak evil of thy neighbour, nor do him harm - Remember the poor and consecrate thy properties - Not be proud or idle - Live in love - Ask [for revelations] - Govern my church according to the law
• When has the Church attempted to practice the law of consecration? We are currently practicing it in full
• What are the differences between “All Things Common, the United Order (Firm), and the Law of Consecration” - ATC: give church all property and given back according to needs(stewardship of properties) - UO(F): Consecration-based business organization made up of church leaders. - LoC: Dedicate time, talents, and means to building up God's kingdom on earth
• What are the celestial principles of consecration? (Ownership) god owns all, we own nothing (Stewardship) given as a temporary overseer and responsible controller of something (Agency and accountability) an agent who represents someone (God), acting in his name, with free will to do so
Created by: sara_hillyer
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