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History - Chapter 13

Empires Grow in East Asia

QuestionAnswer
public works - projects such as highways, parks, and libraries built with public funds for public use -
Grand Canal - The 1,100-mile (1,771-kilometer) waterway linking the Yellow and the Yangzi Rivers. It was begun in the Han period and completed during the Sui Empire. -
opera - Kind of art in which a play's words are sing instead of spoken. -
movable type - Blocks of metal or wood, each bearing a single character, that can be arranged to make up a page for printing -
gunpowder - invented by the Chinese-used for weapons and fireworks -
ally - A nation that joins another nation in some common effort, such as winning a war. -
influence - having an effect or impact on the actions, behavior, opinions, etc., of another or others -
archipelago - A chain of islands -
Shinto - principal religion in Japan that emphasizes the worship of nature -
shrines - places of worship -
Taika reforms - Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.-
reforms - changes to bring about improvement -
delta - A landform made of sediment that is deposited where a river flows into an ocean or lake -
guerilla tactics - referring to surprise attacks or raids rather than organized warfare -
location - A particular place or position -
Sui - (589-618 CE) The Chinese dynasty that was like the Qin Dynasty in imposing tight political discipline; this dynasty built the Grand Canal which helped transport the rice in the south to the north. -
Wen Ti - Found the Sui Dynasty -
Yang - Second ruler Sui Dynasty -
Yangtze River - Longest major river in China -
Tang - Chinese Dynasty -
T'ai Tsung - Tang Emperor -
Empress Wu - Empress of China during the Tang dynasty, she ruled ruthlessly and brought prosperity to China -
Li Po - Tang Dynasty poet. Most acclaimed poet in China at the time, who wrote about about life's pleasures. -
Song - Chinese dynasty. -
Korean Peninsula - The peninsula with the Koreas -
Japan - A string of more than 3,000 islands east of Asia extending 1,300 miles between the Sea of Japan and the western Pacific Ocean -
Korea - Country in Southeast Asia -
Koguryo - Tribal people of northern Korea, established an independent kingdom in the northern half of the peninsula in 37 BCE, adopted cultural sinifications. -
Manchuria - Region of Northeast Asia North of Korea. -
Paekche - Independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated by rival Silla kingdom and its Chinese Tang allies in 7th century. -
Silla - Independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated Koguryo along with their Chinese Tang allies; submitted as a vassal of the Tang emperor and agreed to tribute payment; ruled united Korea by 668. -
Koryo - Korean kingdom founded in 918 and destroyed by a Mongol invasion in 1259. -
Kotoku - his constitution in 587 AD called for an adoption of Chinese imperial rule -
Nara - First Japanese imperial capital -
Vietnam - Country in Southeast Asia -
Red River Delta - Believed to be the place of origin for Vietnamese -
Annam - The southernmost province of the Chinese empire that is now part of Vietnam -
Trung Trac - One of the two rulers who drove the Chinese out of Vietnam -
Trung Nhi - Vietnamese nationalist and hero; along with her sister Trung Trac, she raised an army that drove the Chinese out of Vietnam for a short period -
Indonesia - Country in Southeast Asia -
Sriwijaya - Early Indonesian Kingdom. -
Sumatra - The kingdom of Srivijayan was established on that island. -
Strait of Melaka - Between Malaysia and Indonesia (Southeast Asia) -
Borobudur - The largest Buddhist monument over built. It is in Java, built in the 9th century CE and is an outstanding example of cultural syncretism. -
Java - Most populated island in Indonesia -
Prambanan - Hindu temple in Indonesia -
Created by: snormandeau