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Chapter 6

QuestionAnswer
What are the long bones in the skeletal system? Leg(femur, tibia, fibula) Arm(Humerus, radius, ulna) Hand(metacarpals, phalanges)
What are the short bones in the skeletal system? Wrists and ankles bones
What are the flat bones in the skeletal system? Ribs, shoulder blades, hips and skull bones
What are the irregular bones in the skeletal system? vertebrae and facial bones.
Explain skeletal muscle? is an striated, voluntary muscle that attaches to the bones and is responsible for movement.
Explain smooth muscle? is an unstriated , involuntary muscle. Found in vein walls, digestive, respiratory and urinary systems. Controlled by the autonomic nervous system
Explain cardiac muscle? is an striated, involuntary muscle of the heart wall. Controlled by the autonomic nervous system
What is the "subcutaneous layer" of the skin? The innermost layer of the skin, composed of the connective tissues and fat.
What is the "Epidermis layer" of the skin? Outer layer of the skin, it produces the protein keratin that prevents the loss or entry of water pathogens and harmful chemicals
What is the 'Dermis layer" of the skin? contains "sudoriferous glands" (sweat) and the "sebaceous glands" (oil) capillaries, lymph vessels etc. pg 104
Explain Epithelial tissue? Flat cells like a sheet that covers and line body surfaces.
Explain connective tissue? Blood, bone. cartilage and adipose cells that support and connect tissues and organs, support network for organs
Explain Muscle tissue? long, slender cells that provide the contractile tissue for movement of the body
Explain nerve tissue? cells capable of transmitting electrical impulses to regulate body functions
Nervous System Components? There are two components. 1. (CNS)-central nervous system consists of the brain and the spinal cord 2. (PNS)- peripheral nervous system located outside the skull, spinal column extend out into the body and connect to the CNS
Respiratory System Components? 1. Upper respiratory tract-nose pharynx, larynx, upper trachea 2. Lower respiratory tract-lungs, lower trachea bronchi and alveoli
Digestive System Components? GI Tract-From the month all the way to the rectum and anus
Urinary System Components? Two kidneys, two ureters, the urinary bladder and the urethra
Endocrine System Components? Endocrine glands are: pituitary, thyroid, four parathyroid, two adrenal glands, pancreas, thymus and pineal gland, and two female ovaries and two male testes
Reproductive System Components? Female reproductive System Male reproductive System
Lymphatic System Components? Lymph and lymph vessels, right lymphatic duct, thoracic duct, lymph nodes, tonsils, thymus and spleen Note: Also controls the immune system
Circulatory System Components? Heart Arteries veins and Capillaries.
Urinalysis Most common test? (UA) Urinalysis consists of physical, chemical and microscopic examination of the urine.
What is the difference in Arterial blood then Venous blood? Arterial blood is hi
What is Interstitial Fluid? Fluid located in the spaces between cells. It contains 95% water, proteins, salts sugar, WBC's monocytes-the largest WBC's and waste. Note: Contains NO RBC's or Pls
Collection and Handling of Hematology Section Use Whole blood Lavender or purple top (EDTA) anticoagulant
Collection and Handling of Coagulation Section Process of hemostasis light blue top sodium citrate coagulation
Created by: rjstudynotes