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Stack #2461463

German and Italian Unification and the Revoltuions of Latin America

Risorgimento The movement to unite Italy into one cultural and political entity was known as.
Congress of Vienna an international conference to discuss how to reestablish the balance of power throughout Europe.
Conservative a person who generally supports limited government involvement in the economy and community help for the needy, and upholds traditional values
Liberal A person who generally supports government intervention to help the needy and protect the rights of women and minorities
Revolutions of 1848 Also known as "The Springtime of Peoples" A series of liberal and nationalistic revolutions erupted across Europe against the conservative monarchs.
Nationalism is the belief that your own country is better than all others.
Giuseppe Mazzini Known as the "heart" behind Italian Unification, he formed a nationalist group called Young Italy to fight for unification of the separate Italian states into one nation.
Count Cavour Known as the "brains" behind the Italian Unification, he sought to unite northern Italy, as he had major power in Piedmont-Sardina. He expanded the power of Piedmont-Sardina through Crimean War, being allies with France and Britain and evading Austria
Giuseppe Garibaldi Known as the " muscles", he was a leader and solider of small nationalist group called the "Red Shirts." He moved south to conquer southern Italian states to unify them with the north, and have a unified Italy.
German Confederacy consisted of 38 sovereign states recognized by the Vienna settlement, and was dominated by Austria and Prussia because of their size.
German Empire founded after the German Reunification with Wilhelm I as emperor.Germany was called the German Reich from 1871 (when it was unified under Kaiser William 1 - who was also known as an emperor)
Wilhelm l Ruler of Prussia who appointed Otto von Bismark as prime minister to unify Germany.
Otto von Bismarck Appointed by Kaiser Wilhelm I as a prime minster. A conservative nationalist, he created a plan hat would make Prussia the most powerful state it can be by unifying it with other German states.
Franco-Prusssian War(for Italy &Germny) Concluded the third part of Bismarck's plan to start a war with France to make the southern German states fear France more and give support to Prussia.
Realpolitik "realistic politics," practical politics, ends justified the means, power more important than principles and Otto Von Bismarck's policy that he used to unite the German states under Prussian rule.
Mercantilism The primary economic system of trade used from the 16th to 18 century.
Peninsulares A Spanish-born Spaniard in the New World or Spanish East Indies.
Criollos/ Creoles A social class in the caste system of the overseas colonies established by Spain in the 16th century, especially in the Hispanic America.
Mestizos Term used for a person who is European and Amerindian descent.
Amerindians A indigenous ethic minority in South America.
Toussaint L'Ouverture Known as the leader of Haitian Revolution. Bis military and political tactic saved the gain of the first Black insurrection.
Father Miguel Hidalgo known as the man who called upon Mexicans to revolt against their Spanish rulers in the town of Dolores in September 1810, a move which started Mexican independence.
Simon Bolivar led independence movements in South America during the 18th century. He led countries like Gran Colombia (today Colombia, Venezuela, and Ecuador) to their independence from Spanish rule, and essentially set in motion the full independence of modern South
Monroe Doctrine Made by James Monroe, it is known for the U.S policy toward the Western Hemisphere. It stated the U.S would not tolerate European powers interfering with nations in the West Hemisphere, if so, then the U.S will go into war.
Created by: Avatar25