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Chapter 6

QuestionAnswer
Protection Regulation Sensation Secretion Integumentary System Function In teg u ment any
Support, Protection, Movement Mineral sotrage Blood cell formation (hematopoiesis) Skeletal System Function
Movement and posture Movement of food Propel blood through vessels Bladder contraction Muscular System Function
Recognize sensory stimuli Interpret sensations Initiate appropriate response Nervous System Function
Gas exchange between blood and tissue O2 and CO2 Internal respiration External respiraton Respiratory System Function
Digestion Absorption Elimination of waste products Digestive System Function
Remove metabolic waste and excess water Maintains water and electrolyte balance -filtration -reabsorption Produce hormones -control BP and regulates RBC's production Urinary System Function
Produces and regulates hormones Hormones regulate activities: Metabolism, growth and development, reproduction and stress response Endocrine System Function En do crine
-Perpetuation of future generations -Sexual reproduction -produce gametes, enable fertilization -provide a nourishing environment for the developing fetus Reproductive System Function
-Drains excess interstitial body fluids -Transport nutrients and waste -Provides a defense mechanism against disease -controls immune system -Provides a passageway for fat absorption Lymphatic System Function
Transports oxygen, nutrients and waste products Circulatory System Function
Groups of organs functioning together for a common purpose make up the? Body Systems
Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body.
Physiology is the study of how the body functions.
The smallest functioning unit of the body is the? Cell
What are the four basic types of tissue and describe them? 1. Epithelial tissue- flat cells sheet-like cover and lines the body 2. Connective tissue- blood, bone. cartilage 3. Muscle tissue- 4. Nerve tissue- cells transmitting electrical impulses
Body Organization Levels? Each level includes the previous level cell Tissues Organs Body systems Organism
Homeostasis -State of equilibrium in the body -Steady state during constantly changing condition
Anatomical Descriptions? Note: 6 of them -anatomic position -Anterior -Posterior -frontal (coronal) plane -midsagittal plane -sagittal plane -transverse plane- upper portion (superior), Lower (inferior) portions
Anatomical position? The Universally adopted reference system -Standing erect -had facing forward -arms by the sides -palms facing to the front
Ventral Cavity is located where? And made up of what cavities? Location (Anterior) Made up of the: Thoracic cavity with (diaphragm separating) the Abdominal cavity Pelvic cavity
Dorsal Cavity is located where? And made up of what cavities? Location (Posterior) Made up of the: Cranial cavity and Spinal cavity
Abdominopelvic Cavity is? Combines the abdominal and pelvic cavity to make Four quadrants. RUQ, RLQ, LUQ and LLQ
Skin Hair, has keratin and melanin for color Nails, has keratin plates Sebaceous glands (Oil gland) Sudoriferous glands (sweat glands) Integumentary System Componets
Sudoriferous glands? su do rif er ous sweat gland regulates body temp by evaporation waste produce throw the skin pores
Sebaceous glands? se ba ceous oil glandssecreting fat or sebum (oily secretion)
Name the three layers of skin? Epidermis Dermis Subcutaneous Skin is the body's largest organ
Bones, Joints, Tendons Cartilage and Ligaments Skeletal System Components
Name the four kinds of Bones? Long bones-Arms legs and hands Short bones-wrists and ankles Flat bones-pelvis ribs and skull bones Irregular bones-vertebrae and facial bones
How does each of these connective tissues connect? Cartilage, Ligaments and Tendons Cartilage- is at the ends of a joint/forming bones Ligaments- attach bone to bone Tendons-Attach muscles to bone
Name 3 types of joints? Immovable-skull sutures Partially movable-Vertebrae Free moving (synovial joints)-Knees and hips
What is Synovial fluid? Lubrication fluid secreted by membranes in joint capsuls
What is Hematopoiesis? Formation of the blood cells in the bone marrow.
Name the systems that provide movement? Note: 3 muscular system skeletal system nervous system
A muscle attaches to a stationary bone is called? Origin
A muscle attaches to a movable bone is called Insertion
Skeletal muscle: striated-voluntary Smooth muscle: unstriated-Involuntary Cardiac muscle: striated- Involuntary Muscular System Componests
Name the types of Muscles? Note: 3 Skeletal muscle -attached to the bone and aids in movement Smooth muscle-digestive, arteries etc. Cardiac muscle-heart
Created by: rjstudynotes