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Chavez WH 17 Vocab

WH Ch 17 European Renaissance and Reformation

Bubonic plague Deadly disease that spread across Europe and Asia in the mid-14th century, killing million of people
Classical Related to ancient Greece and Rome and emphasizing ideas of order, balance, and harmony
salvation Freedom from the effects of sin
sculptors People who create works of art by carving
spiritual Sacred; related to religion
three-dimensional Having length, width, and height; giving a sense of depth
Humanism Focus on human potential and achievements
Patrons People who financially supported artists
Perspective Art technique that recreates three dimensions
Renaissance Period of rebirth of art and learning in Europe lasting from about 1300 to 1600
Secular Worldly rather than spiritual
Vernacular Use of native language instead of classical Latin
Clergy Religious officials
doctrines Principles; statements of policy
landscapes Pictures showing scenery or land forms
merchant Storekeepers and traders
movable type Printing blocks that did not have to be made no by one but could be moved into new positions and reused
nobles People of high rank
oil-based paints Paints that are made with oil; the oil dries slowly and allows for details, blending, and changes
Parliament Law-making body in England
peasants Related to poor or lower class people who worked the land
protested Actively disagreed
realistic Lifelike
revolt Uprising, rebellion
Utopia English: An ideal place. Greek: No Place, Thomas Moore Book
William Shakespeare Famous Renaissance writer, English poet, playwright, and actor, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's pre-eminent dramatist.
John Gutenberg German craftsman who developed the printing press
Indulgence Release from punishments due for a sin
Reformation 16th-Century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of new Christian churches
Lutheran Member of a Protestant church founded on the principles of the Reformation
Protestant Member of a Christian church founded on the principles of the Reformation
Peace of Augsburg Agreement in 1555 declaring that the religion of each German state would be decided by its ruler
Annul Cancel or put to an end
Anglican Relating to the Church of England
Predestination Doctrine that God has decided all things beforehand, including which people will be saved
Calvinism Religious teachings based on the ideas of the reformer John Calvin
Theocracy Government controlled by religious leaders
Anabaptists Member of a Protestant group during the Reformation who believed only adults should be baptized. Also believed that church and state should be separate
Catholic Reformation 16th-Century Catholic reform movement in response to Protestant Reformation
Jesuits Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic religious order founded by Ignatius of Loyola
Council of Trent Meeting of Roman Catholic leaders to rule doctrines criticized by the Protestant reformers