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Chapt.14 Key Terms

Diseases of the Cirulatory System

TermDefinition
angina pectoris a condition marked by severe pain in the chest, often also spreading to the shoulders, arms, and neck, caused by an inadequate blood supply to the heart.
arteries any of the muscular-walled tubes forming part of the circulation system by which blood
cardiomyopathy chronic disease of the heart muscle.
cerebral hemorrage is a type of intracranial bleed that occurs within the brain tissue or ventricles
cerebrovascular accident (CVA) The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain
cerebrovascular disease refers to a group of conditions that affect the supply of blood to the brain, causing limited or no blood flow to the affected areas
diastolic blood pressure s specifically the minimum arterial pressure during relaxation and dilatation of the ventricles of the heart
endocarditis inflammation of the endocardium.
healed myocardial infarction Timing of the diagnosis of myocardial necrosis is of outmost importance relative to the time of observation
heart hollow muscular organ that pumps the blood through the circulatory system by rhythmic contraction and dilation
heart attack a sudden and sometimes fatal occurrence of coronary thrombosis, typically resulting in the death of part of a heart muscle.
heart failure severe failure of the heart to function properly, especially as a cause of death.
hypertension abnormally high blood pressure.
hypotension abnormally low blood pressure.
ischemic heart disease arteries supply blood to the heart muscle and no alternative blood supply exists, so a blockage in the coronary arteries reduces the supply of blood to heart muscle
lymphadenitis inflammation of the lymph nodes.
myocardial infarction (MI) another term for heart attack.
myocarditis inflammation of the heart muscle.
occlusion the blockage or closing of a blood vessel or hollow organ.
occlusion of cerebral and precerebral arteries the brain resulting from a blockage or narrowing in the arteries supplying blood and oxygen to the brain
old myocardial infarction Chest pain is the most common symptom of acute MI and is often described as a sensation of tightness, pressure, or squeezing.
pericarditis inflammation of the pericardium.
pericardium the membrane enclosing the heart, consisting of an outer fibrous layer and an inner double layer of serous membrane.
phlebitis inflammation of the walls of a vein.
portal vein thrombosis a form of venous thrombosis affecting the hepatic portal vein, which can lead to portal hypertension and reduction
secondary hypertension a type of hypertension which by definition is caused by an identifiable underlying secondary cause
stenosis the abnormal narrowing of a passage in the body.
stroke an act of hitting or striking someone or something; a blow.
systolic blood pressure is specifically the maximum arterial pressure during contraction of the left ventricle of the heart
thrombolytic therapy is the use of drugs to break up or dissolve blood clots, which are the main cause of both heart attacks and stroke.
thrombophlebitis inflammation of the wall of a vein with associated thrombosis, often occurring in the legs during pregnancy.
transient hypertension Self blood pressure monitoring in determining initiation of. ... Whether, labile blood pressure
unstable angina It is also classified as a type of acute coronary syndrome
varicose veins are veins that have become enlarged and twisted
veins any of the tubes forming part of the blood circulation system of the body, carrying in most cases oxygen-depleted blood toward the heart.
Created by: K.Lindsey