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Greece and Rome

complex, highly organized social order civilization
government in which the people hold ruling power democracy
system of government in which representatives are chosen by the people; a form of democracy republic
1st written laws of Rome Twelve Tables
political unit made up of a city the surrounding lands.; also know as polis city-state
Greek word for hill; place for government buildings acropolis
two major city-states Athens; Sparta
"best men"; later became privileged class aristocrats
someone who illegally took power; late came to mean absolute, unjust ruler tyrants
government in which people take part democracy
type of democracy practiced in United States representative
leader in Athens when Athens reached its peak of power and wealth Pericles
war between Sparta and Athens Peloponnesian War
Phillip's son who conquered the Persian Empire Alexander the Great
the age of world wide Greek culture after Alexander Hellenistic
long poems about heroes and events epic
epic poem written by Homer about Odysseus's travels after the Trojan War Odyssey
traditional stories about gods, goddesses, heroes that were used to explain the natural world myths
building at top of Acropolis which was built as a temple to Athena, which is considered the finest example of Greek Parthenon
study of basic questions of reality and human existence philosophy
these men wanted to discover natural laws, or truths, through reason philosophers
the philosopher used questioning to force students to question their ideas and values; he was executed for his teachings Socrates
this philosopher was a student of Socrates; used dialogue to deal with questions of government, education, justice, religion; he he believed the "Divine Worker" (God) conceived realm of perfect "Forms" and that humans have body and soul Plato
this philosopher was a student of Plato; he is known for logical methods that organized and classified information republic
an absolute ruler dictator
the means "I forbid" veto
this system prevents any one part of the government from becoming too powerful; US adopted this system; veto is example checks and balances
powerful landowners who controlled government; nobility who inherited power in Rome patricians
this group comprised most of the Roman population; farmers && workers who make up this group eventually gained some power plebians
major army unit of 4500-6000 citizens legion
wars between the Carthaginians (people of Carthage) and the Romans Punic Wars
general who emerged as dictator of Rome, then was assassinated by the Senate, including his ally Brutus Julius Caesar
rule of three Triumvirate
Julius Caesar, Pompey, and Crassus 1st Triumvirate
date of Caesar's assassination the Ides of March
Caesar's nephew who became first Roman Emperor; he was known as Caesar Augustus Octavian
period of the Roman Empire that lasted more than 200 years, known as the "Roman Peace" Pax Romana
roman water systems aqueducts
belief in multiple gods polytheistic
Roman emperor who declared his support for Christianity Constantine
Patriarch of Rome. Head of the Catholic Church pope
Greek for "City State' polis
Brought glory to Rome and hoped to strengthen the empire and dempcracy Pericles
300 legislative body made up of the wealthy and upper class of Rome senate
500+ legislative body in Athens assembly
Legislative body of Anicent Rome which represented the plebeian class of Rome tribunes
Created by: roger.pena