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Unit 6

German and Italian Unification and the Revolutions of Latin Americas

Risorgimento Italian unification became known as the RISORGIMENTO - "resurgence"
Congress of Vienna was a conference of ambassadors of European states held in Vienna ; it restored the monarchies of Europe.
Conservative anti-enlightement
Liberal pro-enlightenment
Revolutions of 1848 The primary cause was the Congress of Vienna. Conservative monarchs rescinded the liberal progress of the Enlightenment.
Nationalism was the belief that in this case the Italian Peninsula people shared a common language, a common Italian heritage, and a common historical legacy ( HRE ).
Giuseppe Garibaldi known as the sword. he expelled the Spanish Bourbons from the Southern Italian Peninsula through military conquest by the " Red Shirts "
German Confederacy was created to replace the old Holy Roman Empire.
German Empire the princes of the German Confederarion were so impressed with Prussian military dominance, they agreed to unify the Confederation into the German Empire.
Wilhelm I He headed the German Empire.
Ottovon Bismarck " the Iron Chancellor " . He orchestrated the Franco-Prussian War. He was awarded the position of Chancellor
Franco-Prussian War ( for Italy & Germany ) The war of between France (under Napoleon III) and Prussia, in which Prussian troops advanced into France and decisively defeated the French at Sedan. The defeat marked the end of the French Second Empire.
Realpolitik Bismarck's political actions and philosophy became known as Realpolitik. It contends political
Mercantilism exclusive/monopolistic trade relationshipp between a colony and its mother country designed to benefit the mother country.
Peninsulares Spaniards born in Spain ; only ones trusted with political power ( like a governor. )
Criollos/Creoles Born in New Spain of Spanish parents. Born in American colonies they have economic power but not political power.
Mestizos Born of Spanish and Native American Indian parents . Mixed.
Amerindians given a small measure of legal protection.
Toussaint L ' Ouverture was the best-known leader of the Haitian Revolution. His military and political acumen saved the gains of the first Black insurrection in November 1791.
Father Miguel Hidalgo Roman Catholic priest and revolutionary leader who is called the father of Mexican independence
Simon Bolivar was a Venezuelan military and political leader who played a leading role in the establishment of Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Panama as sovereign states, independent of Spanish rule.
Monroe Doctrine is the best known U.S. policy toward the Western Hemisphere. Message delivered to Congress by President James Monroe the doctrine warns European nations that the United States would not tolerate further colonization .
Created by: official.sharon