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Final Med. Term

Medical Terminology

TermDefinition
Hallux Valgus Abnormal enlargement of the join at the base of the great toe (bunion)
Orthotic An artificial support or brace for the limbs/spine
Vertebrae Series of small bones forming the backbone and have holes which the spinal cord passes through
Podiatrist Foot, ankle and lower extremity doctor
Crepitation Grating sound heard when bone ends grind against one another
Osteonecrosis The death of bone tissue
Contracture Is the permanent tightening of fascia muscles tendons, ligaments or skin that occurs when normally elastic connective tissues are replaced with nonelastic fibrous tissues
Heel Spur Calcium deposit in the plantar fascia near the calcaneus
Carpal Tunnel The tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflamed
Hernia A bulging of an organ or tissue through an abnormal opening
Physiologist
Fasciitis Inflammation of the fascia
Range of motion Diagnostic procedure to evaluate join mobility
Impingement Inflamed tendons caught in the narrow space between the bones with the shoulder joint
Shin Splint A painful condition caused by the tibias anterior muscle tearing away from the tibia
Paralysis The loss of sensation and voluntary muscle movements in a muscle
Aneurysm Localized weak spot or balloon-like enlargement of the wall of an artery
Diuretic Rids the body of excess sodium and water
Defibrillation Electrical shock to restore the hearts normal rhythm
Pericardium Double-walled membranous sac that encloses the heart
Ventricular Fibrillation Rapid, irregular, and useless contractions of the ventricles
Ventricular Tachycardia Very rapid heartbeat that begins within the ventricles
Sickle Cell Anemia Genetic disorder causes abnormal hemoglobin resulting in some red blood cells making a sickle shape
Cholesterol A fatty substance that travels through the blood and is found clogged carotid artery leading to the brain
Myocardial Infarction Heart attack; is the blockage of one or more coronary arteries caused by plaque buildup
Antiocoagulant Slows coagulation and prevents new clots from forming
Electrocardiogram EKG; record of the electoral activity of the myocardium
Immunosuppressant Treatment to repress or interfere with the ability of the immune system
Antibody Is a disease-fighting protein created by the immune system in response to the presence of a specific antigen
Systemic Reaction is a serve response to an allergen, also know as anaphylaxis
Allergen Substances that produce allergic reactions
Anaphylaxis Severe response to an allergen
Antibiotic Medications capable of inhibiting growth or killing pathogenic bacterial
Mammography A technique using x-rays to diagnose and locate tumors of the breasts
Myoma Benign tumor made up of muscle tissue
Splenomegaly Abnormal enlargement of the spleen
Immunodeficiency Immune response is compromised
Aspyxia Loss of consciousness that occurs when the body can't get enough oxygen
Cheyne-stokes Irregular pattern of breathing characterized by rapid/shallow respiration to slower respiration
Pertussis Whooping cough
Otolaryngologist (ENT) a physician with specialized training in the diagnosis/treatment of diseases/disorders of the head and neck
Hypopnea Shallow or slow respiration
Epistaxis Nose bleed
Bronchospasm Is a contraction of the smooth muscle in the walls of the bronchi and bronchioles tightening/squeezing the airway shut
Endotracheal Intubation The passage of a tube through the mouth into the trachea to maintain an open airway
Emphysema Progressive, longterm loss of lung function
Pulse Oximeter External monitor placed on the patients fingertip to measure the oxygen saturation feel in the blood
Xerostomia
Crohn's
Regurgitation
Peristalsis
Jaundice
Hyperemesis
Ulcerative Colitis
Colonoscopy
Syncope
Lethargy
Alzheimer's Degenerative changes in the brain structure that lead to memory loss, impaired cognition, and personality
Autism Group of condition in which a young child cannot develop normal social relationships
Migraine A headache characterized by throbbing pain on one side of the head
Shaken Baby The results of a child being violently shake by someone
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder The development of characteristic symptoms after a major traumatic event
Bell's Palsy Temporary paralysis that causes drooping only on the affected side of the face
Dura Mater Thick, tough, outermost membrane of the meninges
Parkinson's A chronic, degenerative central nervous disorder in which there is a progressive loss of control over moment
Audiometry The use of an audiometer to measure hearing activity
Photophobia Excessive sensitivity to light
Glaucoma Diseases characterized by increased intraocular pressure that cause damage to the retinal/optic nerve
Nystagums Involuntary, constant, rhythmic movement of the eyeball that can be congenital or caused by a neurological injury or drug use
Ptosis Dropping of upper eyelid
Conjunctivitis Pink eye
Myopia Nearsightedness
Hyperopia farsightedness
Sensorineural Hearing Loss Develops when the auditory nerve or hair cells in the inner ear are damaged
Created by: KayleemWhite