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theology

mostly grudem

QuestionAnswer
accommodation theory The theory that the biblical writers at times incidentally affirmed falsehoods believed by the people of their time so as not to obscure the larger points they were trying to make.
active obedience A term referring to Christ's perfect obedience to God during his entire earthly life, which earned the righteousness that God credits to those who place their faith in Christ.
adoptionism The false teaching that Jesus lived as an ordinary man until his baptism, at which time God "adopted" him as his "Son" and conferred on him supernatural powers; this teaching thus denies Jesu's preexistence and divine nature. (14C.2.c
Angel of the Lord A form that God took on at various times in Scripture in order to appear to human beings.
annihilationism The teaching that after death unbelievers suffer the penalty of God's wrath for a time, and then are "annihilated," or destroyed, so that they no longer exist. Some forms of this teaching hold that annihilation occurs immediately upon death
anthropomorphic language Language that speaks of God in human terms.
Apollinarianism The fourth-century heresy which held that Christ had a human body but not a human mind or spirit, and that the mind and spirit of Christ were from the divine nature of the Son of God.
Arianism The erroneous doctrine that denies the full deity of Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit.
asceticism An approach to living that renounces the comforts of the material world.
aseity Another name for the attribute of God's independence or self-existence.
believable profession of faith A central component of the "baptistic" view of baptism, which holds that only those who have given reasonable evidence of believing in Christ should be baptized.
certain knowledge Knowledge that is established beyond doubt or question. Because God knows all the facts of the universe and never lies, the only absolutely certain knowledge we can have is found in God's words in Scripture.
Chalcedonian definition The statement produced by the Council of Chalcedon in A.D. 451 that has been regarded by most branches of Christianity as the orthodox definition of the biblical teaching on the person of Christ.
clarity of scripture The idea that the Bible is written in such a way that its teachings are able to be understood by all who will read it seeking God's help and being willing to follow it
communicable attributes Aspects of God's character that he shares or "communicates" with us.
compatibilism Another term for the Reformed view of providence. The term indicates that absolute divine sovereignty is compatible with human significance and real human choices.
complementarian The view that men and women are equal in value before God but that some governing and teaching roles in the church are reserved for men.
concordist theory Another term for the day-age theory of creation, so named because it seeks agreement or "concord" between the Bible and scientific conclusions about the age of the earth.
concurrence An aspect of God's providence whereby he cooperates with created things in every action, directing their distinctive properties to cause them to act as they do.
cosmological argument An argument for the existence of God based on the observation that, since every known thing in the universe has a cause, the universe itself must also have a cause, which can only be God.
covenant community The community of God's people. Protestant proponents of infant baptism view baptism as a sign of entrance into the "covenant community" of God's people.
day-age theory An "old earth" theory of creation that views the days of Genesis 1 as extremely long "ages" of time.
deism The view that God created the universe but is not now directly involved in the creation.
depravity Another term for "inherited corruption."
determinism The idea that acts, events, and decisions are the inevitable results of some condition or decision prior to them that is independent of the human will.
dichotomy The view that man is made up of two parts, body and soul/spirit.
dispensationalism started in the 19th century J.N Darby. Church and Israel separate functions
docetism The heretical teaching that Jesus was not really a man but only seemed to be a one (from the Greek verb δοκέω) , "to seem, to appear to be"
economic subordination The teaching that certain members of the Trinity have roles or functions that are subject to the control or authority of other members.
effective calling An act of God the Father, speaking through the human proclamation of the gospel, in which he summons people to himself in such a way that they respond in saving faith.
egalitarian The view that all functions and roles in the church are open to men and women alike.
election An act of God before creation in which he chooses some people to be saved, not on account of any foreseen merit in them, but only because of his sovereign good pleasure.
equality in personhood The idea that men and women are created equally in God's image and therefore are equally important to God and equally valuable to him.
eternal begetting of the Son Description of the eternal relationship that has existed within the Trinity between the Father and the Son in which the Son has eternally related to the Father as a Son
eternal security Another term for "perseverance of the saints." However, this term can be misunderstood to mean that all who have once made a profession of faith are "eternally secure" in their salvation when they may not have been genuinely converted at all
exaltation of Christ One of the two "states" of Christ, the other being humiliation. The state of exaltation includes four aspects of his work: his resurrection, ascension into heaven, session at the right hand of God, and return in glory and power
example theory The view that in the atonement Christ did not bear the just penalty of God for our sins but that he simply provided us with an example of how we should trust and obey God perfectly, even if this leads to death.
external calling The general gospel invitation offered to all people that comes through human proclamation of the gospel. Also referred to as "general calling" or "the gospel call," this call can be rejected by people.
fatalism human decisions are determined apart from real human choices.
foreknowledge Relating to the doctrine of election, the personal, relational knowledge by which God thought of certain people in a saving relationship to himself before creation. This is to be distinguished from the mere knowledge of facts about a person.
general redemption Another term for "unlimited atonement."
glory The created brightness that surrounds God's revelation of himself. In another sense of the term, it refers to God's honor.
heaven The place where God most fully makes known his presence to bless. It is in heaven where God most fully reveals his glory, and where angels, other heavenly creatures, and redeemed saints all worship him.
humiliation of Christ One of the two "states" of Christ, the other being exaltation. The state of humiliation includes four aspects of his work: his incarnation, suffering, death, and burial
immanent Existing or remaining in. The term is used in theology to speak of God's involvement in creation.
imminent A term referring to the fact that Christ could return and might return at any time, and that we are to be prepared for him to come at any day
immutability God does not change
impassibility The doctrine, often based on a misunderstanding of Acts 14:15, that God does not have passions or emotions. Scripture instead teaches that God does have emotions, but he does not have sinful passions or emotions.
impeccability The doctrine that Christ was not able to sin.
incommunicable attributes Aspects of God's character that God does not share with us
incorruptible The nature of our future resurrection bodies, which will be like Christ's resurrection body and therefore will not wear out, grow old, or be subject to any kind of sickness or disease
infused righteousness Righteousness that God actually puts into us and that changes us internally. The Roman Catholic Church understands justification to involve such an infusion, which differs from Protestantism's view that justification is a legal declaration by God.
inner sense of God An instinctive awareness of God's existence that every human being has.
intermediate state The condition or mode of being of a person between the time of one's death and the time that Christ returns to give believers new resurrection bodies.
internal calling Another term for "effective calling."
invisibility The doctrine that God's total essence, all of his spiritual being, will never be able to be seen by us, yet God still shows himself to us through visible, created things.
invisible church The church as God sees it.
irresistible grace God effectively calls people and also gives them regeneration, both of which guarantee that we will respond in saving faith. - The choice is still made voluntarily.
justification An instantaneous legal act of God in which he (1) thinks of our sins as forgiven and Christ's righteousness as belonging to us, and (2) declares us to be righteous in his sight
kenosis theory The theory that Christ gave up some his divine attributes while he was on earth as a man (from the Greek verb κενόω, which means "to empty"
"keys of the kingdom" A phrase used by Jesus in Matthew 16:19 referring to the authority to preach the gospel and to exercise discipline within the church
limited atonement Christ's death actually paid for the sins of those whom he knew would ultimately be saved. A preferable term for this view is "particular redemption" in that the power of the atonement is not limited, but rather it is fully effective for particular peo
middle knowledge An Arminian view of God's foreknowledge which teaches that, because God knows what every creature would do in any given set of circumstances, he therefore foreknows everything that happens in the world by bringing about the situations in which all creatu
modalism The heretical teaching that holds that God is not really three distinct persons, but only one person who appears to people in different "modes" at different times. (also: Sabellianism - 3rd century teacher)
monophysitism The fifth-century heresy which held that Christ had only one nature which, that being a mixture of divine and human natures (from the Greek μόνος, G3668, "one," and φύσις, G5882, "nature"
moral influence theory The theory that Christ's death was not a payment for sins but simply a demonstration of how much God loved human beings by identifying with their sufferings, even to the point of death. This becomes, then, an example designed to draw from us a grateful r
mutual submission Phrase that proponents of egalitarianism use to describe the type of relationship they believe should exist between husband and wife, in which each is subject to the other in the same way. In this understanding of "mutual submission," it undermines the un
necessary will Those things that God must will according to his own nature.
neo-orthodoxy 20th century theological movement represented by the teachings of Karl Barth. Instead of the orthodox position that all the words of Scripture were spoken by God, Barth taught that the words of Scripture become God's words to us as we encounter them.
Nestorianism A fifth-century heresy that taught that there were two separate persons in Christ, a human person and a divine person.
office A publicly recognized position of one having the right and responsibility to perform certain functions for the benefit of the whole church
only begotten A mistranslation of the Greek word: μονογενὴς , which actually means "unique" or "one-of-a-kind." The Arians used this word to deny Christ's deity, but the rest of the church understood it to mean that the Son eternally related as a son to the Father.
ontological equality A phrase that describes the members of the Trinity as eternally equal in being or existence
pantheism The idea that the whole universe is God or part of God
particular redemption another way of saying, limited atonement
passive obedience A term referring to Christ's sufferings for us in which he took the penalty due for our sins and as a result died for our sins.
Pelagius A fifth-century monk who taught (Pelagianism) that man has the ability to obey God's commands and can take the first and most important steps toward salvation on his own.
penal substitution The view that Christ in his death bore the just penalty of God for our sins as a substitute for us.
plenary inspiration The idea that ALL the words of Scripture are God's words; plenary - meaning "full"
primogeniture The Old Testament practice in which the firstborn in any generation in a human family has leadership in the family for that generation
propitiation A sacrifice that bears God's wrath to the end and in so doing changes God's wrath toward us into favor.
ransom to Satan theory The view that in the atonement Christ paid a ransom to Satan to redeem us out of his kingdom
reprobation The sovereign decision of God before creation to pass over some persons, in sorrow deciding not to save them, and to punish them for their sins and thereby to manifest his justice.
self-attesting The self-authenticating nature of the Bible by which it convinces us that its words are God's words (an ultimate authority must self-attest)
soul sleep The doctrine that believers go into a state of unconscious existence when they die, and that they return to consciousness when Christ returns and raises them to eternal life
special grace The grace of God that brings people to salvation; also known as "saving grace."
spiritual body The type of body we will receive at our future resurrection, which will not be "immaterial" but rather suited to and responsive to the guidance of the Holy Spirit.
subordinationism The heretical teaching that the Son was inferior or "subordinate" in being to God the Father.
temporary blessings Influences of the Holy Spirit and the church that make unbelievers look or sound like genuine believers when in fact they are not.
traducianism The view that the soul of a child is inherited from the baby's mother and father at the time of conception.
transcendent The term used to describe God as being greater than the creation and independent of it.
transubstantiation The Roman Catholic teaching that the bread and wine of the Lord's Supper (often referred to as "the eucharist") actually become the body and blood of Christ
two-class Christianity A view of the church that divides it into two categories of believers, such as ordinary believers versus "sanctified" believers, or ordinary believers versus Spirit-baptized believers
unlimited atonement The view that Christ's death actually paid for the sins of all people who ever lived
Created by: zack380
 

 



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