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Ancient Greece

TermDefinition
peninsula an area of land surrounded by water on three sides
polis a Greek city-state
agora an open area where people would gather to socialize and trade.
phalanx a military technique whereby soldiers march and fight side by side in rows
oligarchy a type of government in which power is controlled by a small group of people
democracy a type of government in which the general populace (people) make decisions and share power
myth a story about gods, goddesses, and heroes that is passed down over time
philosopher a thinker who reflects upon the meaning of life and is known for their wisdom
sophists Greek philosophers that taught public speaking, history, math, reading, and science
Hellenistic Greek-like
golden age a period in society's history marked
city-states political unit made up of a city and all the surrounds lands
Acropolis The top city or city on high
Persian Empire An empire that existed from 323 B.C. that covered much of present day Greece to India. They had some of the first governors. They also fought against Alexander the Great.
Minoans The Minoan civilization flourished in the middle Bronze Age on the Mediterranean island of Crete from ca. 2,000 B.C. until 1,500 B.C.
Mycenaeans The Mycenaean civilization flourished in the late Bronze Age, from the 15th to the 13th century BCE and extended its influence not only throughout the Peloponnese in Greece
tyrant an absolute ruler, especially one in ancient Greece or Sicily
oracle a shrine in which a deity reveals hidden knowledge or the divine purpose through such a person
Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) a greek philosopher, he taught that people should live lives of moderation and use reason in their lives. Teacher to Alexander the Great who was also taught by Socrates
Alexander the Great (356-323-B.C.) Macedonian ruler, he was one of the greatest military commanders in history
Aristocrat one believed to be superior of its kind
Aesop Greek fabulist; probably legendary
Socrates 470–399 b.c. Greek philosopher who invented the Socratic method by answering a question with a question.
Athens a city-state in eastern Greece, the Greek were able to defeat the Persians and keep Greece from being conquered
Created by: difrang