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EST ASIAN WRLD TEST

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian "East Asian World" Unit Test Flash Cards 2017

QuestionAnswer
What does the term "dowry" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "money, goods, or property this is given to the husband's family by the wife when they get married". Giving a dowry was a part of Chinese culture in the late 1200's. (Pg. 269)
What is one (1) thing that the Mongols are famous for in history? They created the largest land empire in history. (Pg. 270)
What does the term "khanate" mean/ refer to? This is the name given to the different provinces that the Mongol empire was divided into after the death of Genghis Khan. (Pg. 270)
Which Mongol ruler conquered the Chinese Song Dynasty in 1279? Kublai Khan was the Mongol ruler who did this. (Pg. 271)
What was the name given to the Chinese Dynasty in which the Mongols ruled? The name for this Dynasty was the Yuan Dynasty. (Pg. 271)
What three (3) problems led to the downfall of the Mongol Dynasty? 1.) Too much spending on foreign conquests; 2.) Corruption in their courts; 3.) Growing internal instability. (Pg. 272)
What was one of the main teachings of Buddhism that we learned about? One of their main teachings was that the material world was not real - it was an illusion. (Pg. 273)
What was one (1) of the main teachings of neo-Confucianism that we learned about? One of their main teachings was ". . . that the world was real, not an illusion, and that fulfillment comes from participation in the world." (Pg. 273)
During the Tang & Song Dynasties, what was the name of the social class that controlled most of the land & produced most of the civil service candidates? The name of this social class was the "scholar - gentry". (Pg. 269)
During the Yuan Dynasty, how did the Mongols & Chinese affect each other's cultures? The Mongols invaded China and adopted Chinese political system and bureaucrats, but remained culturally separated. (Pg. 272)
What is the difference between the Buddhist and neo-Confucian philosophies? Buddhism taught that the material world was not real while neo-Confucianism taught that the material world was real and that fulfillment comes from participation in the world. (Pgs. 273)
How was Daoism represented in Chinese art of the Song and Yuan Dynasties? 1.) Empty spaces were left in paintings; 2.) Humans were insignificant in the midst of nature/ natural landscapes.
List one (1) strength and one (1) weakness of the "tumen". (HINT: A "tumen" is the name of a Mongol fighting unit.) Strength: They were highly mobile. Weakness: The soldiers only had basic weapons. (Pgs. 276 & 277)
What does the term "shogun" mean/ refer to? These people were called "daimyo". (Pg. 281)
What was the name of the heads of noble families in China in the 14th & 15th centuries? These people were called "daimyo". (Pg. 281)
How did the samurai and shogun affect the government of early Japan? Samurai: Kept Japan from developing strong central government. Shogun: These people were aristocrats who effectively ruled Japan.
What does the term "archipelago" mean/ refer to? This term means "a chain of islands". (Pg. 290)
Explain the importance of Islam in the development of Melaka. Muslim merchants settled in port cities, leading to the formation of an Islamic state.
Which Chinese Dynasty took over after the Mongol Dynasty was overthrown? The Ming Dynasty took over after the Mongols were overthrown. (Pg. 510)
Summarize how both the Europeans and Chinese benefited from their early cultural exchange. Both groups got direct access to each other's products & technology.
What does the term "commercial capitalism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to private business based on profits. (Pg. 516)
What does the term "hans" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the approximately 250 domains into which Japan was divided under the Tokugawa. (Pg. 522)
What was the name of the "outcast" class in Japan in the mid - 1750's? The name for this "outcast" class is "eta". (Pg. 523)
How were most peasants affected by the economic changes in Japan in the mid - 1700's? They experienced declining profits and rising costs and taxes.
Created by: sticklerpjpII