Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Don't know
remaining cards
To flip the current card, click it or press the Spacebar key.  To move the current card to one of the three colored boxes, click on the box.  You may also press the UP ARROW key to move the card to the "Know" box, the DOWN ARROW key to move the card to the "Don't know" box, or the RIGHT ARROW key to move the card to the Remaining box.  You may also click on the card displayed in any of the three boxes to bring that card back to the center.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 5 - Greece

polis a city-state of ancient Greece
acropolis a walled, high area surrounding a polis
agora an open area that served as a meeting place and market in early Greek city-states
helots in ancient Greece, state slaves
hoplites foot soldiers in ancient Greece
hubris great pride
democracy a government run by the people
Solon Athenian statesman; he introduced the first civil democracy in Greece and created the Boule
tyrant a strong man who seized power by force and claimed to rule for the good of the people
Cleisthenes Ancient Greek ruler often called the "father of democracy." He increased the size of the council that governed Athens to 500, and he recognized Athenian tribes on a geographical rather than familial basis
direct democracy the type of governing system where all people vote directly on an issue
archon a chief of state of ancient Athens
phalanx a military formation composed of rows of soldiers standing shoulder to shoulder carrying pikes or heavy spears
Pericles Athenian statesman; he encouraged the spread of democracy in Athens and the growth of the city-state's power
Socrates Greek philosopher of Athens; his teaching style was based on asking questions. He wanted people to question their own beliefs. He was arrested and condemned to death for challenging authority
Plato Greek philosopher; a student of Socrates, he started a school in Athens called the Academy. In The Republic he describes an ideal society run by philosopher-kings
Aristotle Greek philosopher and student of Plato; he taught that logic was the tool for any necessary inquiry; his work later became the basis for medieval scholasticism
reason clear and ordered thinking
logic the process of making inferences
Homer Greek poet, he wrote the epic poems the Iliad and the Odyssey, which tell stories set during and after the Trojan War
lyric poetry a type of poetry that gained its name from the lyre, an instrument that played while the poetry was sung
Herodotus Greek historian; his most famous work is the Histories, which describes major events of the Persian Wars
Thucydides Greek historian of Athens; he wrote The History of the Peloponnese War. He is regarded as the first critical historian and is often ranked as the greatest historian of antiquity
Alexander the Great King of Macedon and conqueror of much of Asia; he is considered one of the greatest generals of all time
Hellenistic the blending of Greek cultures with those of Persia, Egypt, and Central Asia following the conquests of Alexander the Great
Euclid Greek geometer; he created practical books on geometric forms and mathematics. His work formed the basis for later European studies in geometry
Eratosthenes Greek astronomer and geographer; he calculated the circumference of the globe using careful observations and simple geometry
Archimedes Greek mathematician and inventor; he was known for his work in geometry, physics, and mechanics
Created by: nicoletterojas