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Chapter 5 Greece

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Polis The society was centered around this, also known as a city state
Acropolis a high area where polis were built around, usually housed temples to the gods and served a place for public ceremonies
Agora public places below the acropolis, served as a market place, people did business, gossiped, discussed politics
Helots state slaves
Hoplites foot soldiers
Hubris great pride, brought many heroes to tragic ends
Democracy a form of government run by the people
Tyrant a strongman who seized power by force and claimed to rule for the good of the people
Direct Democracy all people vote directly on an issue
Archon elected official who served as the chief of state in Athens
Phalanx a tight rectangle formation in which soldiers held long spears out ahead of a wall of shields
Reason clear and ordered thinking
Logic the process of making inferences
Lyric Poetry named after a musical instrument called the lyre, they do not tell stories instead they deal with emotions and desires
Hellenistic greeklike
Plato greek philosopher, a student of Socrates, he started a school in Athens called the Academy.
Socrates greek philosopher of Athens, his teaching style was based on asking questions. He wanted people to question their own beliefs. He was arrested and condemned death for challenging authority
Solon athenian statesman, he introduced the first civil democracy in Greece and created the Boule
Cleisthenes ancient greek ruler often called the "father of democracy." He increased the size of the council that governed Athens to 500, and he reorganized Athenian tribes on a geographical rather than family basis
Pericles athenian statesman, he encouraged the spread of democracy in Athens and the growth of the city states power
Homer greek poet, he wrote the epic poems Iliad and the Odyssey, which tell stories set during and after the Trojan War
Aristotle greek philosopher and student of Plato, he taught that logic was the tool for any necessary inquiry, his work later became the basis for medieval scholasticism
Herodotus greek historian, his most major famous work is The Histories, which describes major events of the Persian War
Thucydides greek historian of Athens, he wrote The History of the Peloponnesian War. He is regarded as the first critical historian and is often ranked as the greatest historian of antiquity
Alexander the Great king of the Macedon and conqueror of much of Asian, he is considered one of the most greatest generals of all time
Euclid greek geometer, he created practical books on geometric forms and mathematics. His worked formed the basis for later European studies in geometry
Erastosthenes greek astronomer and geographer, he calculated the circumference of the globe using careful observations and simple geometry
Archimedes greek mathematician and inventor, he was known for his work in geometry, physics, and mechanics
Created by: averygarris