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Classical Greece

Polis city-state, which became the basic political unit in Greece
Acropolis high area, a typical Polis was built here
Agora marketplace, where people did business, gossiped, and discussed politics
Hoplites foot soldiers
Hubris great pride, brought many heroes to tragic death
Democracy a form of government run by the people
Tyrant a strongman who seized power by force and claimed to rule for the good of the people
Direct Democracy a system in which all people vote directly on an issue
Phalanx a tight rectangle formation in which soldiers held long spears out ahead of a wall of shields
Archon who served as the chief of state in Athens
Reason clear and ordered thinking
Logic the process of making inferences
Lyric Poetry named after a musical instrument called the lyre that was often played to accompany the reading of poems
Hellenistic Greeklike
Helots state slaves
Solon a law maker, revised the laws again in the 590s BC, overturning Draco's harshest laws
Cleisthenes a reformer who took over Athens . His reforms set the stage for Athenian democracy.
Pericles Rebuilt much of Athens. A skilled politician and gifted public speaker.
Socrates First great Athenian philosopher
Plato Great philosopher
Aristotle A philosopher who studied nature and the world around him
Homer Poet who wrote the Odyssey and the Iliad
Herodotus Writer who lived in Greece during the wars with Persia.
Thuchdides lived during the Peloponnesian War and wrote about it in detail
Alexander the Great Built one of the greatest empire in the world
Euclid A scholar who studied and formulated ideas on geometry
Eratosthenes He calculated the size of the world
Archimedes An inventor who invented the pulley and a mechanical screw for drawing water out of a ship's hold or out of a deep well.
Created by: Lisyanacrawford