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Political Rev

American, French, and Latin America

QuestionAnswer
The People have the power to decide the type of government they want; Citizens are involved. (John Locke) Popular Sovereignty
Restricting the powers of the government. (LOCKE, ROUSSEAU, MONTESQUIEU) Limited Government
Dividing the powers of government, so there is no abuse of power (Montesquieu) Separations of power
Government System in which citizens elect representatives to be their voice. Republic
Meeting called by Louis XVI; repsfrom all 3 estates were there to discuss the financial crisis. Estates General
The period after the French Revolution in which Robespierre executed 40,000 French citizens that were considered to be "Enemies of the Revolution". Reign of Terror
Total control of the government/kingdom Absolute Monarch
The people place restriction on the power. Of the Monarch Limited Monarch
What was the global impact of the American Revolution ? It set the example that a strong, European nations could be defeated; Enlightment ideas spread throughout Europe and Latin America
What are some of the similarities between the American Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizens ? They were both demanding individual liberties, which were based on the Enlightment ideas. American were fighting to keep rights, while the French were fighting to establish rights.
What were some early British documents that allowed the People to Limit the power of the Monarch? Manga Carta, English Bill Of Rights, Petition of Rights
What were the causes of the French Revolutions? 1) Society Structure (Three Estates) 2) Bankrupt 3) Famine ( Lack of Food)
What led to Frnch people allowing Napoleon to gain power? There was a lot of chaos after the Reign of Terror and the French people were desperate for a hero and a strong leader.
Catholic Church officials (clergy); 1% of population; only paid 2% of income to taxes? First Estate
Nobility; 2% of the population; paid NO taxes Second Estate
Everyone else; 97% of the population; paid 50% of income to taxes Third Estate
What was the goal of the Congress of Vienna Meeting of European countries to prevent anyone like Napoloean from conquering Europe again.
What ideas did Napolean spread to other nations as his troop's conquered European territory? 1) Enlightment ideas 2) Ended all Sefdom leftover from Middle Ages 3) Advancement in society should be based on merit, not just birth
What led the Third Estate to form the National Assembly? At the Estates General the vote was rigged to raise taxes on the Third Estate The Third Estate formed the National Assembly The "Tennis Court Oath" vowed to create a new constitution ( Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen)
Describe the differences between the United States and France after their revolutions. The United States fixed there problems with the creation of the constitution The French were in chaos, economic turmoil, no leadership.
How did Napoleon's conquest of Europe affect the European colonies in Latin America Spain lost hold of their colonies once Napoleon conquered them. Enlightment ideas spread to the colonies.
Who is Simon Bolivar One of the important leaders of the Latin American Revolutionss; liberated Peru, Columbia, and Bolivia
How did the Americans
How/Why did the America acquire the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 Napoleon was desperate for money to fight wars in Europe and sold it for only $15 million
What was the name of Napoleon's blockade to keep England from trading with the rest of Europe? Continental System
What factors led to Russia's victory of Napoleon's invading army? It was an extremely harsh winter in Russia Scorched Earth - the Russians burned the fields and buildings as they retreated: The French had no food or shelter
If you put leaders during this time period in chronological order who would be first? Jefferson
If you put leaders during this time period in chronological order who would be second ? Louis XVI
If you put leaders during this time period in chronological order who would be Third? Robespierre
If you put leaders during this time period in chronological order who would be fourth? Napoleon
If you put leaders during this time period in chronological order who would be Fith ? Bolivar
What constitution did the Tennis Court Oath vow to create? Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
Napoleon ideas of Advancement in society mshluld be based on ? Merit Not just birth
Napoleon ideas of ending all Sefdom was left over from what time period? Middle Ages
After the Reign of terror, describe the Chaos amongst the people? The French people were desperate for a hero and a strong leader.
What American Declaration of Independence Demanding individual liberties based on Enlightment ideas and fighting to keep rights.
What French Declaration of rights of Man and Citizen Demanding individual, liberties based on Enlightment ideas and fighting to establish rights.
Created by: spotsville2