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Surg Tech Quiz 3

Fundamental Knowledge - I. Basic Sciences - C. Microbiology

The Emglish surgeon who began the age of chemical control of the atmosphere was Lister
Passage of fluid through a cell membrane is called osmosis
Oxygen-dependent pacteria are said to be aerobic
The destruction of bacteria by white cells during the inflammatory process is called phagocytosis
Bacteriostatic means to inhibit growth of microorganisms
Staphylococcus aureus would most likely be transmitted by Nose and mouth
Microbial death occurs when an organism is no longer capable of reproduction
What immune protection is available to the fetus natural passive
The clinical syndrome characterized by microbial invasion of the bloodstream is septicemia
A toxoid is an inactivated toxin
Inflammatory exudate that is thick and yellow is termed suppurative
The body's first line of defense against the invasion of pathogens is skin and mucous membrane linings
Rodlike shaped bacteria are identified microscopically as bacilli
A procedure used to remove damaged tissue that provides growth conditions for pathogens is called debridement
Herpes simplex is commonly called cold sore
All of the following descriptors refer to the inflammatory process EXCEPT: heat, pain, vasoconstriction, edema vasoconstriction
Clostridium tetani causes lackjaw
A laboratory procedure useful in classifying bacteria using a staining procedure is Gram stain
A fulminating infection arising from necrotic tissue and spreading rapidly is gas gangrene
Which bacteria is commonly found in soil Clostridium tetani
The bacteria that causes rheumatic fever is Streptococcus
A severe allergic reaction possibly resulting in death is called anaphylactic shock
What organism is responsible for a boil staphylcoccus aureus
The organism most frequently found in burns is Pseudomonas aeruginosa
A bacterial pathogen most frequently invading damaged skin is staphylcoccus aureus
Which type of wound would favor the development of gas gangrene necrotic
Gas gangrene is caused by Clostridium perfringens
The bacteria highly resistant to sterilization and disinfection is spores
A bacteria found in the intestinal tract is Escherichia Coli
The burn classification that is characterized by a dry, pearly white, or charred-appearing surface is third degree
OSHA is a governmental regulating agency whose aim is to execute requirements designed to prevent transmission of blood-borne pathogens in the work environment
Inflammation is characterized by pain, redness, heat, swelling, and loss of function. The redness can be attributed to vasodilation bringing more blood to the area
Removal of contaminated debris from a wound is called debridement
The space caused by separation of wound edges is called dead space
If tissue is approximated too tightly it can cause ischemia
Tensile strength of a wound refers to ability of tissue to resist rupture
The substance that unites with thrombin to form fibrin, the basic structural material of blood clots is fibrinogen
A cicatrix is a scar
Keloids are a raised, thickened scar
A wound that is infected or one in which there is excessive loss of tissue heals by secondary intention
True or false a CDC guideline that addresses the care of "sharps" includes that needles should always be recapped False
The type of wound healing that requires debridement is third
To promote healing, a surgical wound must have all of the following requisites suture closure of dead space, drains to remove fluid and air, a moderately tight dressing.
Wound healing that employs a technique allowing the wound to heal from the bottom up is called second intention
Which body fluid is least likely to transmit HIV saliva
A band of scar tissue that binds together two anatomical surfaces that are normally separate from each other is called adhesion
Created by: bright1lilli
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