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Chapter 4 Vocab

TermDefinition
Vedas sacred writings of the Indo-Aryans
Dharma in Hinduism, the religious and moral duties of an individual
Karma in Hinduism, the totality of a person's good and bad deeds and the way in which they affect that individual's fate in the afterlife
Yoga a series of physical and mental exercises that teaches people how to focus their bodies and minds
Moksha in Hinduism, the escape from the cycle of rebirth
Reincarnation in Hinduism, the belief that after one dies, the soul is reborn into a different form
Citadel a fortress
Castes social classes in the ancient Indian class system; see also Vernas
Hinduism the largest religion in India; Hindus believe that everything in the world is a power of Brahman, the single great universal being
Jainism religion founded in India around 500 BC in reaction to Hindu practices; believers renounced worldly things and embrace self-discipline and nonviolence
Ahimsa in Jainism, nonviolence and respect for all living things
Varnas the four social classes in Vedic society
Rojas leaders of ancient cities in India
Monsoons seasonal winds in India
Subcontinent a large landmass that is part of a continent but is considered an independent entity either geographically or politically
Created by: austinvarner