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Chapt.12 Key Terms

Urinary System; Procedures- Abbreviations

cystotomy a surgical incision into the urinary bladder.
external sphincter muscle that constricts membranous urethra to retain urine in bladder; nerve supply, pudendal
kidneys each of a pair of organs in the abdominal cavity of mammals, birds, and reptiles, excreting urine.
nephrectomy surgical removal of one or both of the kidneys.
nephrolithotomy a minimally-invasive procedure to remove stones from the kidney by a small puncture wound
nephorrhaphy Joining together, usually by suture, of the two parts of a divided nerve.
nephrotomy surgical incision of a kidney (as for the extraction of a calculus)
open drainage of a perirenal abscess carries minimal morbidity. Therefore, a trial of percutaneous drainage should be the initial modality of treatment for perinephric abscess.
open drainage of a renal abscess ntravenous antibiotics directed against culture-specific bacteria in addition to intravenous fluid resuscitation
perutaneous drainage of a renal abscess An abscess is an infected fluid collection within the body
pyeloplasty the surgical reconstruction or revision of the renal pelvis to drain and decompress the kidney
pyelotomy surgical incision into the renal pelvis of a kidney.
renal endoscopic procedures surgeon inserts an endoscope through a small cut, or an opening in the body such as the mouth.
symphysiotomy for horseshoe kidney renal fusion or super kidney, is a congenital disorder affecting about 1 in 500 people, more common in men
ureterectomy surgical excision of all or part of a ureter.
uterus the organ in the lower body of a woman or female mammal where offspring are conceived and in which they gestate before birth; the womb.
urethra the duct by which urine is conveyed out of the body from the bladder, and which in male vertebrates also conveys semen.
urinary bladder a hollow muscular organ that collects urine from the kidneys before disposal by urination.
urodynamics the diagnostic study of pressure in the bladder, in treating incontinence.
Abbreviations Description
ARF acute renal failure
BPH benign prostatic hypertrophy
BUN blood, urea, nitrogen
CRF chronic renal failure
C&S culture and sensitivity
cysto cystoscopy
ESRD end stage renal disease
ESWL extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
IVP intravenous pyelogram
IVU intravenous urography
KUB kidneys, uterus, bladder
PD peritoneal dialysis
RP retrograde pyelogram
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
U/A urinalysis
UTI urinary tract infection
VCUG voiding cystourethrogram
Created by: K.Lindsey