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EHS Ch. 1 Key terms
EHS Ch.1 Key Terms 2009
|The ratio of the number of farmers to the total amount of land suitable for agriculture.
|The total number of people divided by the total land area.
|An east-west line deignated under the land ordinace of 1785 to facilitate the surveying and numbering of townships in the U.S.A.
|The science of making maps
|The spread of something over a given area
|Relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space
|The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population
|Geographic approach that enmphasizes human-environment relationships
|Fashioning of a natural landscape by a cultural group
|The body of customary beliefs, social forms, and material traits that together constitute a group of people distinct tradition
|The frequency with which something exists within a given unit of area
|The process of spread of a feature or spread of a trend from one place to another over time
|The diminishing in importance and eventual dissapearance of a phenomenom with increasing distance from its origin
|The arrangement of something over Earth's surface
|Humboldt and Ritter concentrated on how the physical environment caused social development
|The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process
|The area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics
|An area organized around a node or focal point
|Geographic Information System (GIS)
|A computer system that organizes, analyzes, and displays geographic data
|Global Positioning System (GPS)
|A system that determines the precise potion of something on Earth through a series of satelites, tracking stations, and recievers.
|Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope
|Greenwich Mean Time
|The Time in that time zone encompassing the prime meridian, or zero degree longitude
|The region from which innovative ideas originate
|The spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places
|International Date Line
|An arc that from the most part follows the 180 degree longitude although it deviates in several places to avoid dividing land areas. This line seperates 24 hour periods.
|Land Ordinance of 1785
|A law that divided much of the United Sates into a system of townships to facilitate the sale of land to settlers
|The number system used to indicate the location of parallels drawn on a globe in measuring distance north and south of the equator (0 degrees).
|The position of anything on Earth's surface
|The numbering system used to indicate the location of meridians drawn on a globe and measuring distance east and west of the the prime meridian (0 degrees).
|A two - dimensional, or flat representation, of Earth's surface, or a portion of it
|An internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface based on what an individual knows about a place containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where places are located
|An arc drawn on a map between the north and south poles
|A circle drawn around the globe parallel to the equator and at right angles to the meridians
|The geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area
|The number of people per unit of area of arable land, which is land suitable for agriculture
|A specific point on Earth distinguished by a particular character
|Land created by the Dutch by draining water
|The theory that the physical environment may set limits on human actions, but people have the ability to adjust to the physical environment and choose a course of action from many alternatives
|The meridian, designated as 0 degrees longitude, which passes through the Royal Observatory at Greenwich, England
|A North-South line designated in the Land Ordinance of 1785 to facilitate the serving and numbering of townships in the United States
|The system used to transfer locations from Earth's surface to a flat map
|An area distinguished by a unique combination of trends or features
|An approach to geography that emphasizes the relationships among social and physical phenomena in a particular study area
|The spread of a feature or trend through bodily movement of people from one place to another
|The acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satelite orbiting the planet or other long distance methods
|A substance in the environment that is useful to people, is economically and technologically feasible to access, and is socially acceptable to use
|Generally, the relationship between the portion of Earth being studied and Earth as a whole, specifically the relationship between the size of an object on a map and the size of the actual feature on Earth's surface
|A square normally 1 mile on a side. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided townships in the United States into 36 sections
|The physical character of a place
|The location of a place relative to other places
|The physical gap or interval between two objects
|The reduction in the time it takes to diffuse something to a distant place, a result of improved communications and transportation systems
|The spread of an underlying principle even though a specific characteristic is rejected
|The name given to a portion of Earth's surface
|A square normally 6 miles on a side. The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided much of the United States into Townships.
|A company that conducts research, operates factories, and sells products in many countries, not just where it's headquarters or shareholders are located.
|The increasing gap in ecomomic conditions between core and peripheral regions as a result of the globalization of the economy
|An area that people believe to exist as a part of their cultural identity.