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skeletal terms

QuestionAnswer
musculoskeletal system is made up of 2 systems muscles and bones
there are how many bones in the body 206
there are how many muscles in the body 600
what are the skeletal system jobs protect, frame, store calcium, and produce rbc's
parts and structure of a long bone DIAPHYSIS- shaft the middle PERIOSTEUM-the outer most part-fibrous tissue COMPACT BONE- under periosteum-hard layers CANCELLOUS BONE-spongy bone ENDOSTEUM-membrane-hollow bone BONE MARROW- red and yellow
maxilla upper jaw bone
mandible lower jaw
vertebral column spinal cord
cervical vertebrae c1 - c7
thoracic vertebrae t1- t12
lumbar vertebrae l1- l5
sacrum after lumbar 5 the next 5 vertebrae fuse together to form a triangle bone between the two hip bones
coccyx 4 vertebrae fuse together to form the tailbone
lamina part of the vertebrae arch
clavicle collarbone
scapula shoulder blade
acromion process high point of the shoulder or scapula
sternum breastbone
xiphoid process lower portion of the sternum
humerus upper arm bone
ulna and radius lower arm bones
olecranon process projection at the upper end of the ulna that forms the bony point of the elbow
carpals wrist bones
metacarpals hand bones
phalanges finger and toe bones
phalanges finger and toe bones
pelvic bone made up of 3 bones- ISCHIUM, ILIUM, PUBIS
musculoskeletal system is made up of 2 systems muscles and bones
there are how many bones in the body 206
there are how many muscles in the body 600
what are the skeletal system jobs protect, frame, store calcium, and produce rbc's
parts and structure of a long bone DIAPHYSIS- shaft the middle PERIOSTEUM-the outer most part-fibrous tissue COMPACT BONE- under periosteum-hard layers CANCELLOUS BONE-spongy bone ENDOSTEUM-membrane-hollow bone BONE MARROW- red and yellow
maxilla upper jaw bone
mandible lower jaw
vertebral column spinal cord
cervical vertebrae c1 - c7
thoracic vertebrae t1- t12
lumbar vertebrae l1- l5
sacrum after lumbar 5 the next 5 vertebrae fuse together to form a triangle bone between the two hip bones
coccyx 4 vertebrae fuse together to form the tailbone
lamina part of the vertebrae arch
clavicle collarbone
scapula shoulder blade
acromion process high point of the shoulder or scapula
sternum breastbone
xiphoid process lower portion of the sternum
humerus upper arm bone
ulna and radius lower arm bones
olecranon process projection at the upper end of the ulna that forms the bony point of the elbow
carpals wrist bones
metacarpals hand bones
phalanges finger and toe bones
phalanges finger and toe bones
pelvic bone made up of 3 bones- ISCHIUM, ILIUM, PUBIS
ISCHIUM LOWER, REAR PORTION OF THE PELVIC BONE
ilium upper wing shaped portion of the pelvic bone
pubis anterior portion of the pelvic bone
acetabulum lg socket in the pelvis bone for the head of the femur
femur large upper leg bone
tibia and fibula lower leg bones
patella knee cap
tarsals ankle bones
calcaneus heel bone
metatarsal foot bones
articular cartilage smooth layer of gristle covering the contacting surface of joints for protection of bones
meniscus crescent shaped cartilage found in the knee
intervertebral disk a small pad of cartilage found between each vertebrae in the spine that acts as a cushion and shock absorber
pubis symphysis cartilaginous joint at which 2 pubic bones fuse together
synovia fluid secreted by the synovial membrane and found in a joint cavities
bursa
ligament flexible tough band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches one bone to another at a joint
tendon band of fibrous connective tissue that attaches muscle to bone
aponeurosis a strong sheet of tissue that acts as a tendon to attach muscle to bone
there are 3 types of muscles 1. skeletal 2. smooth 3. cardiac
Created by: pcontreras