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8th Ancient Greece

8th grade Ancient Greek history

The belief in one God Monothesism
The exchanging ware for other goods is called Barter
To protect and resupply their ships, sailors, and traders set up along the coasts of the Mediterranean a network of temporary trading posts and ___________, or settlements of emigrants colonies
The departure of a large group of people Exodus
This is the term for the scattering of communities of Jews outside their original homeland after the Babylonian captivity Diaspora
This man extended the boundaries of the Chaldean Empire as far west as Syria and Canaan, conquering the city of Jerusalem and the Phoenician city-state of Tyre and forcing the people of the kingdom of Judah into a Babylonian exile. Nebuchadnezzar
King darius divided his empire into provinces ans assigned __________, or provincial governors to rule Satraps
He was a prophet who preached that the world was divided by a struggle between good and evil and that humans had to decide between the two Zoroaster
This is the name for a city-state Polis
In ancient Greece, a military formation which foot soldiers stood so their shields overlapped were called Phalanx
A person who seized power and established one-man rule is known as a tyrant
The form of government in which a small group holds political power is called a Oligarchy
Four successive leaders brought most of the changes in Athenian government. He was the first of these leaders, he issused an improved code of laws. The penalities given to offenders were extremely harsh. Draco
This man, king of the the Persians, defeated the Ionians. Once in power her sent his fleet directly acorss the Aegean to the coastal plain of Marathon which ended up being a terrible defeat for the Persians Darius I
Who was Darius's son and successor, whom invaded Greece from the north Xerxes
Hired soldier to serve a foreign country Mercenaries
the earliest Greek plays were Tragedies
The first great writer of tragedy who wrote the trilogy "Orestia" Aeschylus
A play with humorous themes and happy endings are called Comedies
A tragedian who served as a general in the Athenian army lived through most of the Peloponnesian War. One of his most famous plays was "Oedipus Rex" sophocles
He was the last of the three great Greek tragedians. He rarely delt with the influence of the gods and goddesses on human lives. He focused on the qualities human beings possess that bring disaster on themselves Euripides
They were teachers who taught higher education in the 400s B.C. They asserted that "man is the measure of all things" and that truth is differnt for each individual Sophists
He was a philosopher who opposed Athenian democracy and preferred the gov of sparta. He distrusted the lower classes and wanted only the most intelligent and best educated citizens to participate in gov. He wrote the book "The Republic" Plato
This philosoper developed a teaching method whereby students could correct their own mistakes. He believed in absolute rather than relative truth and was attracted to the process by which people learned how to think for themselves Socrates
This philosopher wrote about logic, science, and political science. He stressed the value of knowledge gained through the senses Aristotle
During the 500s B.C. this man explored the nature of numbers, especiall whole numbers and their ratios. Additionally, he taught that world was round and revolved around a fixed point. Pythagoras
In 359. B.C. he became king of Macedonia. As king he was determined to do three things: create a strong standing army, unify the quarreling Greek city-states under Macedonian rule, and destroy the Persian Empire. Phillip II
At age 20 he became ruler of Macedonia and Greece. He was also extremely well educated, for his father had him tutored by Aristotle Alexander the Great
Created by: brichards