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Ch. 3 Ancient Egypt

Vocabulary Words

TermDefinition
Obelisks tall, thin pillars with pyramid-shaped tops
Smelt to melt or fuse metal in order to separate the metallic components
Bureaucracy a highly structured organization, often government, managed by officials
Delta a triangular region formed at the mouth of a river by deposits of silt
Pharaohs Rulers of ancient Egypt
Papyrus a paper-like material made by ancient Egyptains from the stem of the reedy papyrs plant which grows in the Nile River delta
Theocracy a government ruled by religious leaders who claim God's authority
Rosetta Stone stone fond in 1799 that bears an inscription in hieroglyphics, demotic script, and Greek; gave the first clue to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphics
Cataracts rocky stretches in a river marked by rapid currents or waterfalls
Mummification the process of preserving the body with chemicals after death
Hieroglyphics a form of ancient writing in which picture symbols represent sounds
Menes First pharaoh of Egypt; credited with uniting upper and lower Egypt and found the city of Memphis
Hatshepsut Queen of Egypt; took the throne in place of her stepson, Thutmose III; during her reign, she focused on temple-building projects and trade
Ramses the Great Pharaoh of Egypt; led an army against Hittite invaders of Egypt; ruled Egypt with extravagance and built more temples and monuments than any other Egyptian ruler
Piankhi King of ancient Kush; led the Kushites north into Egypt, conquering all of Egypt and made himself pharaoh
Created by: matthewwells