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Chapter 2

FBS Fasting Blood Sugar.
QNS Quantity Not Sufficient.
OPIM Other Potential Infectious Material.
CBC Complete Blood Count.
STAT Procedure that is to be done "immediately!"
Lumen Meaning small opening. Using a needle with a small lumen.
Hemolysis Hi-mol-uh-sis The destruction or rupture of red blood cells with the release of hemoglobin.
SST Serum separator tube.
EDTA Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid Anticoagulant to prevent clotting.
ESR Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
Erythrocyte ih-rith-ruh-sahyt Red blood cells (RBC)
Leukocyte loo-kuh-sit White blood cells (WCB)
Thrombocyte throm-buh-sahyt Platelet (Plt)6
Electrolyte Made up of what? Na=Sodium K=Potassium Cl=Chloride Co2=Carbon Dioxide
Liver Panel What all is detected? GTT ALT AST
GTT Glucose Tolerance Test A test in which glucose is given and blood samples are taken afterwards to see how quickly it is cleared from the blood.
ALT Alanine Aminotransferase Is an enzyme found in the liver. But releases into the blood when the liver is damaged.
AST Aspartate Aminotransferase Is a enzyme released into the blood when the liver is damaged.
CHD Coronary Heart Disease In which a waxy substance called plaque builds up inside the coronary arteries.
VDRL Venereal Disease Research Laboratory A test for syphilis.
BUN Blood Urea Nitrogen The concentration of nitrogen in the blood in the form of urea, indicating kidney function.
Needle sized used for venipuncture for a blood donation? 16
Needle sized most commonly used for venipuncture for adults? 21
Needle sized used for venipuncture for the elderly and pediatric? 23
LDL Low Density Lipoprotein Bad Cholesterol
HDL High Density Lipoprotein Good Cholesterol
What is the universal donor? O- blood
What is the universal recipient? AB+ blood
Lipid Panel What all is detected? HDL LDL Triglycerides
What is the correct term for the slant end of the needle? Bevel
Name the 7 sections where testing is done. Hematology, Coagulation, Chemistry, Serology/immunology, Immunohematology/ Blood Bank ,Microbiology and Urinalysis
Hematology Section Most common test? CBC Complete Blood Count
Coagulation Section Most common test? PT Prothrombin time
Chemistry Section Most common test? Electrolyte Cos, Cl, Na, K
Serology/Immunology Most common test? Monospot Mononucleosis
Microbiology Most common test? C&S Culture and Sensitivity
Urinalysis Most common test Urinalysis
Blood Bank/Immunohematology Most common test? T&C Type and crossmatch
What is the liquid part of the blood? Plasma
What is the liquid part of the blood after it has clotted? Serum
Chemistry uses this part of the blood? Plasma and Serum
What does Plasma contain that Serum does not? Fibrinogen fi brin o gen
Blood is made up of? RBC, WBC and Pls
Lavender tube contains? EDTA anticoagulate
Red tube contains? non additive
Pink tube contains? EDTA with special labeling (flag tube) ATT
Lt Blue tube contains? Sodium citrate anticoagulate binding by Ca
Red speckled/ Tiger tube contains? Clot activator and gel
Green tube contains? Heparin anticoagulate
What body liquid is most used in Hematology? Whole Blood
Color tubes used in Hematology? Lavender/purple top
Color tubes used in Coaulations? Light blue top
What type of liquid do you get using a (Green top tube)? Plasma
What type of liquid do you get using a Red or tiger Red tube)? Serum
Created by: rjstudynotes



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