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Musculoskeletal

Musculoskeletal medical terms

TermDefinition
ankyl/o stiffness; bent, crooked
arthr/o joint
kyph/o humpback
lamin/o lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lord/o curve, swayback
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
orth/o straight
oste/o bone
ped/o, ped/i foot; child
scoli/o crooked, bent
thorac/o chest
acromi/o acromion (projection of the scapula)
brachi/o arm
calcane/o calcaneum (heel bone)
carp/o carpus (wrist bone)
cephal/o head
cervic/o neck; cervix uteri (neck of the uterus)
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
cost/o ribs
crani/o cranium (skull)
dactyl/o fingers; toes
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
fibul/o fibula (smaller bone of the lower leg)
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
ili/o ilium (lateral, flaring portion of the hip bone)
ischi/o ischium (lower portion of the hip bone)
lumb/o loins (lower back)
metacarp/o metacarpus (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsus (foot bones)
patell/o patella (kneecap)
pelv/i pelvis
phalang/o phalanges (bones of the fingers and toes)
pod/o foot
pub/o pelvis bone (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
radi/o radiation, x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on the thumb side)
spondyl/o, vertebr/o vertebrae (backbone)
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
tibi/o tibia (larger bone of the lower leg)
leiomy/o smooth muscle (visceral)
muscul/o, my/o muscle
rhabd/o rod-shaped (striated) muscle
chondr/o cartilage
fasci/o band, fascia
fibr/o fiber, fibrous tissue
synov/o synovial membrane, synovial fluid
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o tendon
-asthenia weakness, debility
-blast embryonic cell
-clasia to break; surgical fracture
-clast to break; surgical fracture
-desis binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
-malacia softening
-physis growth
-porosis porous
-sarcoma malignant tumor of connective tissue
-scopy visual examination
a-, an- without, not
dys- bad; difficult; painful
sub- under, below
supra- above; excessive; superior
syn- union, together, joined
Created by: Klostberg