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Eastern Geography

Place Physical; landforms, climate, vegetation Human; Population type, density, culture, architecture, religion
Movement Transportations, city growth and decline, imact on economics
Region Formal: Showing it's relating factors Functional: Organizing
Human-Environment Interactions Changes in environment; deforestation and farmland Changes in people: jobs and languages
Latitude/Longitude Latitude - N/S of Equator 0-90 Longitude - E/W of Prime Meridian 0-180
Solstice The max tilt away or towards the sun
Equinox 12 Hours of Daylight/Darkness Sun falls equally across whole world
Cartogram Size of region proportional to data set (in back of room)
Physcial Map Shows landforms, water, heught of land above sea level
Political Map Shows human made features
Core Made of iron and nickel with solid inner and liquid outer. Also creates magnetic field
Mantle Several rocky layers and mostly liquid rock (AKA magma)
Crust Very thin and cracked in pieces
Subduction Creates: Volcano *Need ocean and continental plate*
Converging Creates: Mountains
Faulting Creates: Earthquakes
Diverging Creates: New plate
Tectonic Plates Ocean - Heavier, lower in magma, made of basalt Continental - Lighter, higher in magma, made of magnesium
Weathering Physical - Big pieces; water wind and ice Chemical - Dissolved by water Biological - Plant action
Erosion Movement of particles on earth's surface
Causes of Erosion Water, wind, earth's surface, glaciers, waves
Surface Rebound When top layers are broken down and more rise from magma
Soil Composed of organic and inorganic material
Erosion vs. Weathering Weathering - Breaks down particles Erosion - Moves particles
Tornado vs. Hurricane Hurricane - Faster winds, longer, oceans, less frequent, larger Tornado - Shorter, land, more frequent, smaller
River Youth Rocky; straight and rapid course
Older River Slows Down
Oxbow Lakes Created by extreme meanders
Coriolos Effect Wind is bent
Jet Stream Faster flowing upper air
Ocean Currents Water is pushed by winds and stable and predictable
Connvectional Precipitation Moist air rises, cools, water capor condenses and falls at the equator
Orographic Precipitation Warm mass of air is forced to rise over mountains
Frontal Precipitation Warm/Cool air mass meets
Desert Vegetation Adaptions Roots are wide/deep, store water, short life cycle
Rainforest Vegetation Desnse growing tall trees, canopy, minimal undergrowth
Tundra Vegetation Small plants, lichens, wildflowers
Charparral Small evergreens, shrub and leathery leaves
Grassland Wet and dry season, needs fires for new growth
Things that impact vegetation type More precipitation - bigger and more vegetation Cooler Climates - don't need as much precipitation
Created by: Elly Smith