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Global Studies

Unit 1 Terms

Absolute Location Exact spot where something is located
Cartogram Representation of a region depicting the size of an object in relation to an attribute rather than land area
Cartography Art and science of making maps
Choropleth Map Representation of the statistical data such as population or over specific area using color or patterns to represent types or intensity of data
Climate All weather conditions for given location over a period of time
Compass Rose Symbol indicating N, S, E, W
Culture Learned behavior of people including languages, belief systems, social structures, institutions, and material goods
Cultural Landscape human imprint on physical environment
Diffusion The spread of people, ideas, technology, and products
Dispersion The act or process of becoming spread or dispersed widely
Distortion Representation that is twisted, mistaken, or false
Distribution The way something is spread out over an area
Dot Map Map that uses dots to correspond with occurrences of a particular feature or data
Electoral Votes Votes cast in the electoral college of the US by representatives of each state in a presidential election
Elevation Height above or below sea level
Equator Imaginary line running east to west zero degrees latitude
GIS Geographic Information System Any system for capturing, storing, checking, and displaying data related to position on earth's surface
Geography Study of places and the relationships between people and their environments
Great Circle Route The shortest course between two points on the surface of a sphere
Grid System Type of city development where all streets run at right angels to each other forming a large grid - grid plan
GPS Global Positioning System System of satellites and receiving devices used to determine the location of something on earth
Hemisphere Half of a sphere
Human Environment Interaction The interaction between humans and their environment
Import To bring in goods or services from other areas for trade
Interdependence People relying on each other for goods, services, and ideas
International Date Line Line of Longitude at roughly 180 degrees; east of this line is one day earlier than west
Large Scale A wide range activity or a big representation of an object
Latitude Distance N or S of the equator; measured in degrees
Legend/Key Explanation of symbols and abbreviations used on a map
Location Position of a particular point on the surface of the earth
Longitude Distance E or W of the prime meridian - measured in degrees
Map Projection Method by which shapes on a globe are transferred to a flat surface
Migration Movement, usually seasonal, of a group or people or animal from one place to another
Parallel Line of latitude, dividing the earth E to W
Perceptual Region An area of earth identified by history, attitude, and ideas such as the Middle East
Physical Characteristics Naturally occurring geographic characteristics
Physical Landscape The natural geographic features of region
Place Area having unique physical and human characteristics
Population Density The number of people living in a set area
Precipitation All forms in which water falls to the earth
Prime Meridian Imaginary line around the earth running N to S
Projection Flat representation of a sphere
Reference Map Map displaying selected features of the natural and human made environment
Relative Location General spot where something is located
Region Area on the earth with one or more common characteristics
Rendition A process of representation of something
Resolution Detail with which a map takes the location and shape of geographic features
Resource Availability supply of materials, goods, or services. Resources can be natural or human
Robinson Projection Representation of the earth where the poles are displaced as long lines instead of points
Scale Relationship between distances shown on a map and actual distances
Site Specific places where something is located
Situation The location of a place relative to other places
Small Scale Map Limited in presentation or reach; unable to show details
Thematic Map Representation of data on a specific topic or a specific period
Vernacular Region Native speech patterns or vocabulary of a specific place
Vegetation All the plant life of a specific area
Winter Solstice The solstice on or about December 21st that marks the beginning of winter in the northern hemisphere
Created by: gnordby2020