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Chapter 3

Directional and Anatomical Terms

abduction movement away from the body
adduction movement toward the body
anterior (anter/o) toward or near the front, ventral
posterior (poster/o) toward or near the back, dorsal
base the lower or supporting part of any structure
apex the pointed tip of a conical structure
deep further into the body
superficial near the surface of the body
medial (medi/o) toward the midline, nearer to the middle
lateral (later/o) away from the midline, toward the side
proximal (proxim/o) nearer to the origin or point of attachment
distal (dist/o) further from the origin or point of attachment
superior (super/o) above or nearer to the head
inferior (infer/o) beneath or nearer to the feet
supine lying horizontally facing upward
prone lying horizontally facing downward
ventral (ventr/o) front, anterior
dorsal (dors/o) back, posterior
bilateral both sides
unilateral one side
contralateral the opposite side
ipsilateral the same side
Created by: jyoung271