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6th SS - Chapter 7

Chapter 7: Ancient Rome

the religion of people who follow Jesus Christianity
Roman citizens who worked as farmers, craft workers, or traders plebeians
people elected by the citizens to run the government representatives
a government in which people choose representatives to act for them republic
the count for the number of people living in a place census
the first bishop of Rome Peter
brothers who founded Rome Romulus and Remus
River that runs through the center of Italy Tiber River
Members of Rome's noble families patricians
3 branches of Rome's government senate, tribunes, and consuls
earliest written collection of Roman laws, drawn up by patricians about 450 BC, that became the foundation of Roman law Twelve Tables
Phoenician city in which Rome went to war with Carthage
Roman war with Carthage for the control of Sicily Punic War
Carthaginian army general who was sworn to be Rome's enemy forever and tried to take down Rome but ultimately failed Hannibal
culture that heavily affected Roman life, culture, art, education, etc. Greek
determined how Rome would act toward other governments and had control over all money collected and spent Senate
leaders of the citizen assembly tribunes
ambitious young Roman military general who through military conquests and victories became dictator of Rome; was betrayed and stabbed to death Julius Caesar
nephew of Julius Caesar and first emperor of Rome Augustus Caesar
war between groups within one country civil war
21 year old Egyptian Queen who joined forces with Julius Caesar Cleopatra
someone who rules with absolute power dictaor
Julius Caesar was told this in a dream before he was betrayed and killed on this day Beware the Ides of March
Octavian changed his name to Augustus
Latin word for Roman peace and a period of peace for the Roman Empire Pax Roma
a slave or criminal condemned to death and forced to fight gladiator
an enormous stadium built for gladiator fights colosseum
city buried in ash when Mount Vesuvius erupted Pompeii
replaced Roman columns in architecture Roman archs
Son of God; Messiah; founder of Christianity Jesus
a leader who would be sent by God to guide the Jewish people and set up God's rules on Earth Messiah
simple stories that contain a message or truth parables
mother of Constantine who secured many holy sites in the Holy Land Saint Helen
legalized Christianity in the Roman Empire Constantine
Roman Empire was split into two parts east and west
Emperor who takes power of empire and decides to split empire into two parts Emperor Diocletian
a policy of arresting, injuring, or even killing members of a religious, ethnic, or other minority group persecution
new capital of Rome in the East Constantinople
present-day Constantinople Istabul
Eastern half of Roman Empire became known as Byzantine Empire
branch of Christianity that developed in the Byzantine Empire and that does not recognize the pope as its leader Eastern Orthodox Christianity
ruled Byzantine Empire who tried to unify the empire by persecuting non-Christians Emperor Justinian
for over 1,000 years was the world's largest building Hagia Sophia
a code of law that standardized laws in the Byzantine Empire and dealt with marriage, property rights, slavery, crime, and women's rights Justinian Code
Justinian's wife who he went to for advice Theodora
Created by: MissMisiak