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northern africa midE

northern afria midE

Alluvial soil alluvial soil-a fine-grained fertile soil deposited by water flowing over flood plains or in river beds. alluvial deposit, alluvial sediment, alluvium, alluvion-clay or silt or gravel carried by rushing streams and deposited where the stream slows down.
Wadi the channel of a watercourse that is dry except during periods of rainfall.
Phosphate a fertilizing material containing compounds of phosphorus.
Oasis a small fertile or green area in a desert region, usually having a spring or well.
Pastoralism the practice of herding as the primary economic activity of a society.
Ethnic diversity Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, as in the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay.
Infrastructure the basic, underlying framework or features of a system or organization.
Domesticate to tame an animal, especially by generations of breeding, to live in close association with human beings as a pet or work animal and usually creating a dependency so that the animal loses its ability to live in the wild.
Culture hearth is a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to many cultures. A cultural hearth is a "heartland", a foundation of a major culture.
Cuneiform denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets
Hieroglyphics enigmatic or incomprehensible symbols or writing
Monotheism the belief in one God
Prophet a person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God
Mosque a Muslim place of worship.
Nationalism patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts
Nationalize make distinctively national; give a national character to
Embargo an official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country
Ziggurat a rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple. Ziggurats are first attested in the late 3rd millennium bc and probably inspired the biblical story of the Tower of Babel
Bedouin The Bedouin are an Arab seminomadic group, descended from nomads who have historically inhabited the Arabian and Syrian deserts. Their name means "desert dwellers" in Arabic language.
Bazaar a market in a Middle Eastern country
Arable land used or suitable for growing crops.
Commodity a raw material or primary agricultural product that can be bought and sold, such as copper or coffee.
Petrochemical relating to or denoting substances obtained by the refining and processing of petroleum or natural gas
Gross domestic product the total value of goods produced and services provided in a country during one year. Compare with gross national product.
Hajj the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.
Atlas Mountains a range of mountains in North Africa that extends from Morocco to Tunisia in a series of chains, including the Anti-Atlas, High Atlas, Middle Atlas, Rif Mountains, Tell Atlas, and Sahara Atlas.
Caucasus Mountains located between the Caspian Sea and the Black Sea in Caucasia which serves as a border between Asia and Europe.
Arabian Peninsula a peninsula in SW Asia, including Saudi Arabia, Yemen Arab Republic, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, and Kuwait
Persian Gulf an arm of the Arabian Sea, between SW Iran and Arabia. 600 miles (965 km) long.
Sinai Peninsula a peninsula in NE Egypt, at the N end of the Red Sea between the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba. 230 miles (370 km) long.
Anatolia a vast plateau between the Black and the Mediterranean seas: in ancient usage, synonymous with the peninsula of Asia Minor; in modern usage, applied to Turkey in Asia.
Dead Sea a salt lake between Israel and Jordan: the lowest lake in the world. 46 miles (74 km) long; 10 miles (16 km) wide; 1293 feet (394 meters) below sea level.
Caspian Sea a salt lake between SE Europe and Asia: the largest inland body of water in the world. About 169,000 sq. mi. (438,000 sq. km); 85 feet (26 meters) below sea level.
Aral Sea an inland sea between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, E of the Caspian Sea. 26,166 sq. mi. (67,770 sq. km).
Nile River a river in E Africa, the longest in the world, flowing N from Lake Victoria to the Mediterranean.
Tigris River a river in SW Asia, flowing SE from SE Turkey through Iraq, joining the Euphrates to form the Shatt-al-Arab.
Euphrates River a river in SW Asia, flowing from E Turkey through Syria and Iraq, joining the Tigris to form the Shatt-al-Arab near the Persian Gulf.
Sahara a desert in N Africa, extending from the Atlantic to the Nile valley
Rub’ al-Khali desert region in the southern Arabian Peninsula
Kara-Kum a desert S of the Aral Sea, largely in Turkmenistan.
Gulf of Aqaba a seaport in SW Jordan, at the N end of the Gulf of Aqaba.
Strait of Hormuz a strait between Iran and the United Arab Emirates, connecting the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
Strait of Hormuz a strait between Iran and the United Arab Emirates, connecting the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman.
Aswan High Dam a dam on the Nile forming a reservoir
Created by: julianchenevert