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Anthropology exam 1

TermDefinition
Anatomical position Body with arms by side, palms forward
Anterior In front (similar to ventral)
Appendicular The skeleton of the limbs
Axial The skeleton of the head and the trunk
Caudal (animal) Toward the tail
Coronal Plane Parallel to the coronal suture
Cranial (animal) Toward the head
Distal Away from trunk of body along the limb
Dorsal In back(similar to posterior)
External Outside of
Inferior Lower
Internal Inside of
Lateral Perpendicularly away from midsagittal plane
Longitudinal Coursing of Placed Lengthwise
Medial Perpendicularly toward the midsagittal plane
Posterior Behind, to the back (similar to dorsal)
Pronation Rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces dorsally or toward the body
Proximal Toward the trunk of the body along a limb
Sagittal Section Any section of the body parallel to the sagittal suture of the cranium
Superficial Near the surface
Superior Above,top
Supination Turning the palm of the hand anteriorly
Transverse Any Crosswise section
Ventral In front (similar to anterior)
Vertex Top, highest point
Buccal ( in mouth) Toward the Cheek
Distal ( in mouth) At greatest distance from the anterior midline of the mouth
aBduction Move away from the midline
aDduction Move it toward the midline
Flexion: Decreasing the angle at the joint
Extension Increasing the angle at the joint
Created by: starlenegarcia21