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N&ME Africa Vocab

Alluvial Soil rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by moving water.
Wadi streambeds that remain dry until a heavy rain.
Phosphate a chemical used in fertilizers
Oasis a place in the desert where underground water surfaces.
Pastoralism the raising and grazing of livestock, is a way of life for people who live in a steppe climate
Ethnic diversity differences among groups based on their languages, customs, and beliefs
Infrastructure basic urban necessities like streets and utilities
Domesticate take them from the wild and make them useful to people
Culture hearth centers where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward
Cuneiform wedge-shaped symbols written on wet clay tablets
Hieroglyphics a form of picture writing
Monotheism Belief in one god
Prophet messengers
Mosque a house of worship where Muslims pray
Nationalism a belief in the right of an ethnic group to have its own independent country.
Nationalize placed under government control
Embargo a ban on trade
Ziggurat large, mud-brick temples
Bedouin desert nomads
Bazaar traditional marketplace
Arable suitable for farming
Commodity economic goods
Petrochemical products derived from petroleum or natural gas—to make fertilizers, medicines, plastics, and paints
Gross domestic product the value of goods and services produced in a country in a year
Hajj pilgrimage
Atlas Mountains Africa’s longest mountain range; Africa’s longest mountain range;
Caucasus Mountains rises north of Mount Ararat between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea.
Arabian Peninsula To the east, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden separate this Peninsula from Africa.
Persian Gulf The Arabian Sea borders this on the south
Sinai Peninsula the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba flanks this peninsula
Anatolia points west to the Aegean Sea
Dead Sea this sea sits at the mouth of Jordan river
Caspian Sea the largest inland body of water on Earth; This sea laps the shores of both Asia and Europe.
Aral Sea East of the Caspian Sea; it was the world’s fourth-largest inland sea
Nile River The world’s longest river at 4,160 miles; Today more than 90 percent of Egypt’s people live in the Nile Delta or along the course of the river on only 3 percent of Egypt’s land.
Tigris River eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia; flows mainly through Iraq
Euphrates River flows mainly through Iraq; is 1/2 of the rivers that defines Mesopotamia
Sahara the largest desert in the world at about 3.5 million square miles
Rub’ al-Khali Empty Quarter; has the largest area of sand in the region.
Kara-Kum Nomadic herds of sheep, goats, and camels graze on brush in Central Asia’s
Gulf of Aqaba The gulf is east of the Sinai Peninsula and west of the Arabian Peninsula
Strait of Hormuz a strait between the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf
Aswan High Dam a dam built across the Nile at Aswan, Egypt
Created by: dere.ana