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6: Revolutions

History Miterm

QuestionAnswer
Peter the Great A Russian czar of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries who tried to transform Russia from a backward nation into a progressive one by introducing customs and ideas from western European countries.
3 Estates refer to the three divisions of European society in the Middle Ages: the nobles (first estate), the clergy (second estate), and the commoners (third estate).
United States 50 states
Constitution a body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed.
Declaration of Rights of Man is a fundamental document of the French Revolution and in the history of human and civil rights.
July 14th 1789 the date of the storming of the Bastille in 1789.
Louis XIV known as Louis the Great or the Sun King, was a monarch of the House of Bourbon who ruled as King of France from 1643 until his death in 1715.
Parliament the highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons.
Reign of Terror a period of remorseless repression or bloodshed, in particular Reign of Terror, the period of the Terror during the French Revolution.
July 4th 1776 It declared that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as a new nation, the United States of America, and were no longer part of the British Empire.
Napoleon a French military leader and emperor who conquered much of Europe in the early 19th century.
Colonialism the policy or practice of acquiring full or partial political control over another country, occupying it with settlers, and exploiting it economically.
Robespierre was a French lawyer and politician. He was one of the best-known and most influential figures associated with the French Revolution and the Reign of Terror.
Westernization is a process whereby societies come under or adopt Western culture.
St. Petersburg city in Russia
France A country of western Europe,
Declaration of Independence the formal statement written by Thomas Jefferson declaring the freedom of the thirteen American colonies from Great Britain.
Natural rights Rights that you are born with.
Imperialism a policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force.
Monarch a sovereign head of state, especially a king, queen, or emperor.
Why did Europeans migrated significantly more than others in the late 1700s?
Why do peasants often support revolutions? Nothing to lose and everything to gain.
What did Louis the XIV mean when he said "I am the state" ?
What were Peter the Great foreign policy goals?
What did Peter the Great want more than anything else?
When did each of the revolutions begin? American- 1775, French-1789
What were the causes and effects of each of the two revolutions?
Why was the American Revolution an important turning point in history?
Who was the writer of the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson
What were the major causes of the French Revolution? The enlightenment and American Revolution.
How did other European leaders feel about the French Revolution?
What was the role of the Third Estate in the French Revolution?
What was the relationship between the three Estates in France prior to the revolution?
What was the relationship between the three Estates in France After the revolution?
Created by: carrienb