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5:Ren,Ref,Exp,Sci Ex

History Midterm

Humanism Focusing more on humans than divine beings
Shogun Leader of Japan.
Protestant a member or follower of any of the Western Christian churches that are separate from the Roman Catholic Church and follow the principles of the Reformation, including the Baptist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran churches.
Triangular Trade a multilateral system of trading in which a country pays for its imports from one country by its exports to another.
Columbian Exchange The Colombian Exchange refers to a period of cultural and biological exchanges between the New and Old Worlds. Exchanges of plants, animals, diseases and technology transformed European and Native American ways of life.
Westernization is a process whereby societies come under or adopt Western culture.
Martin Luther A sixteenth-century German religious leader; the founder of Protestantism
Middle Passage the sea journey undertaken by slave ships from West Africa to the West Indies.
Mercantilism belief in the benefits of profitable trading; commercialism.
Printing press a machine for printing text or pictures from type or plates.
Czar an emperor or king.
Absolutism the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in political, philosophical, ethical, or theological matters.
Where did the Renaissance begin?What did people focus on during the Renaissance? Italy, changes in art, technology, learning...
What was the focus during the Scientific Revolution? People want the truth.
What did Martin Luther do that upset the church? Speaks out against the catholic church.
What happened as a result of the Reformation? Creation of the protestant movement.
What was the impact of the printing press during the Renaissance? Allowed documents, books and papers to be spread easily.
How are the Renaissance reformation and the period of scientific discovery similar? They all involved change.
How did the Renaissance impact exploration? New technology and ideas inspired sailing.
Why did the southern tip of Africa become known as the Cape of Good Hope? he great optimism engendered by the opening of a sea route to India and the East.
Why did Europeans want a direct water route to Asia? Europeans wanted a new route to Asia via the sea because traveling over land routes was dangerous and required more resources to undertake.
What was the Treaty of Tordesillas? agreement between Spain and Portugal aimed at settling conflicts over lands newly discovered or explored by Christopher Columbus and other late 15th-century voyagers.
Which were the two European countries that led exploration around the world? Spain and Portugal
What goods were spread from the Americas to Europe? Europe to the Americas? Wood and meat, slaves, cotton.
What was the trade network from Europe to Asia to the Americas known as? Triangular trade.
How were slaves in this exchange different from serves/peasants in feudalism? Serves were treated as people, slaves as property.
What was traded during each leg of the International Trade Network across the Atlantic Ocean? Europe to Africa - Gold and weapons, Africa to America- Slaves, America to Europe- Cotton,
Where were most of the slaves sent during the Middle Passage? Southern states
Where in Africa did the slave population come from? Western Africa
What was the biggest threat to captives on slave ships? Disease
Why were Africans used during the slave trade instead of native populations? Europeans felt bad and most died with disease.
What was the effect of the Atlantic slave trade in the Americas? Africa? Good for america, became divided.
What factors led to a constant need for slave labor in the Americas? Overworking
What materials were found in the Americas that were desired throughout the rest of the world? Cotton
What was the goal of mercantilism? to increase a nation's wealth by imposing government regulation that oversaw all of the nation's commercial interests.
What was the role of colonies in the Mercantile system? Make more money.
Why did Europeans want to explore the world? What were they looking to find and spread? Better trade routes,
What impact did exploration have on trade? Discovered sea routes for faster trade.
How did European exploration impact Native populations? Killed lots of them.
How did the native population's social structure change, language, belief/religion? Introduced to a whole new way of life.
On behalf of what country did Christopher Columbus sail? Spain
Where was Christopher Columbus trying to reach when he discovered the Americas? India
What technology allowed the explorers to easily defeat empires in the Americas? Guns
How did the death of native populations contribute to the creation and growth of the slave trade? For a more efficient way of getting slaves.
How did life change for Native populations after European exploration? Most of them died.
What are some examples of absolutism rulers? Peter the great, Catherine the great, Louis XIV, Philip II
What were the goals of absolute leaders in Russia? Westernization and warm-water port.
How did Russia size and geography play a role in its development? Cold and huge, difficult to spread ideas.
What earlier civilizations affected the development of Russia? Byzantine empire.
Created by: carrienb