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2: World Religions

History Midterm

QuestionAnswer
Theology The study of the nature of God and religious belief.
Moksha Hinduism form of rebirth.
Reincarnation Buddhism rebirth of soul into a new body.
Nirvana Final goal of Buddhism.
Torah Sacred book of Judaism (Bible).
Ka'ba Goal of Islamic pilgrimage.
Jannah Islamic paradise.
Heaven Christian paradise.
Monotheism Belief of 1 god.
Karma Hinduism/Buddhism A persons decisions affects their fate in thr future.
Four Noble Truths 4 beliefs containing Buddhist teachings
Ten Commandments Laws or rules handed down to Moses by God (Christianity).
Ramadan the ninth month of the Muslim year, during which strict fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset.
Five Pillars The five bases of the Islamic faith: shahada (confession of faith), salat (prayer), zakat (almsgiving), sawm (fasting, especially during the month of Ramadan), and hajj (the pilgrimage to Mecca).
Bible the Christian scriptures, consisting of the 66 books of the Old and New Testaments.
Belief System a set of principles or tenets which together form the basis of a religion, philosophy, or moral code.
Polytheism Belief in more than 1 god.
Dharma the teaching or religion of the Buddha.
Eightfold Path the path to nirvana, comprising eight aspects in which an aspirant must become practiced: right views, intention, speech, action, livelihood, effort, mindfulness, and concentration.
Convenant an agreement.
Hajj the Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime.
Qur'an/ Koran the Islamic sacred book, believed to be the word of God as dictated to Muhammad by the archangel Gabriel and written down in Arabic.
Trinity the Christian Godhead as one God in three persons: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Siddhartha Gautama the budda.
What is the difference between a religion and a belief system? religion is a type of belief system but not all belief systems are religions.
Where did each major world religion originated? Hinduism- North western India, Buddhism- South Asia (Ivepal), Judaism- Canaan (Israel), Christianity-Israel, Islam- Mecca (Saudi Arabia).
How / why do religions spread? Spread by missionaries & believers, People like the belief of something.
What is the name of the holy book of Judaism? Torah (Old testament of the bible)
What is the significance of Abraham? Moses? Abraham- Founded Judaism, Moses- Prophet
What is the main idea of Judaism? respect the Torah, 10 commandments, God, Yahweh.
What is the main idea of Christianity? Love & forgiveness
What is the significance of Jesus? How is he perceived in other major religions? Each religion has their own god/gods.
What is the holy book of Christianity? Bible
Which holy book is shared between Christians and Jews? What do the Christians call this part? Bible, old testament.
What is the significance of the Holy Trinity of Christianity? Trinity states that there are three people but one god (father, son, holy spirit).
What were the two types of Christianity after the Great Schism? Eastern Orthodox and Roman Catholic church.
What were the two different brakes that took place in Christianity? Great Schism & reformation of the church.
What is the name of God in Islam? Allah
What was the debate / conflict that caused the split between Sunni and Shi'a Muslims? Allah's death
How is Islam similar to Judaism and Christianity? Share old testament.
According to the Buddha how can people escape worldly suffering? Enlightment
What does the Buddha mean? Enlightened one
How did Buddhism spread from India to China to Japan? Trade
When a Buddhist end the cycle of reincarnation what is that called? Nirvana
How did the caste system provide a sense of order in society? Social group that people were born into.
How is the caste system organized? Bhramin, Kshatriya, Viasya, Sudra, Outcast.
Created by: carrienb