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lesson 8 review

TermDefinition
limited government is a principle of classical liberalism, free market libertarianism, and some tendencies of liberalism and conservatism in the United States.
parliament Britain's law body making
house of commons elected by people : supposed the present the interest of commoners .
rotten boroughs a borough that was able to elect a representative to Parliament though having very few voters, the choice of representative typically being in the hands of one person or family.
suffrage right to vote
universal suffrage is the extension of voting rights to all citizens without restrictions based on sex, race, religious belief, wealth or social status
women's suffrage is the right of women to vote in elections.
tariff a tax or duty to be paid on a particular class of imports or exports.
chartists was a working class movement, which emerged in 1836 and was most active between 1838 and 1848
petition a formal written request, typically one signed by many people, appealing to authority with respect to a particular cause.
Prime minister the head of an elected government; the principal minister of a sovereign or state.
Benjamin Disraeli Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, KG, PC, FRS was a British politician and writer who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
William Gladstone William Ewart Gladstone was Prime Minister of Great Britain on four separate occasions between 1868 and 1894.
Secret Ballot a ballot in which votes are cast in secret.
William Wilberforce was an English politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to eradicate the slave trade.
Radical advocating or based on thorough or complete political or social change; representing or supporting an extreme or progressive section of a political party.
Moderate make or become less extreme, intense, rigorous, or violent.
Monarchists a supporter of the principle of having monarchs
Louis Philippe s King of the French from 1830 to 1848 as the leader of the Orléanist party.
June days was an uprising staged by the workers of France from 23 June to 26 June 1848.
Louis Napoleon was the only President (1848–52) of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor (1852–70) of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I.
Franco-Prussian war proper noun. The war of 1870–71 between France (under Napoleon III) and Prussia, in which Prussian troops advanced into France and decisively defeated the French at Sedan. The defeat marked the end of the French Second Empire.
Third Republic was the system of government adopted in France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed, until 1940, when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France.
Paris Commune the group that seized the municipal government of Paris in the French Revolution and played a leading part in the Reign of Terror until suppressed in 1794.
Communards a member of a commune
Premier a prime minister or other head of government.