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North&Middle Africa

Alluvial soil a fine-grained fertile soil deposited by water flowing over flood plains or in river beds
Wadi a valley, ravine, or channel that is dry except in the rainy season
Phosphate fertilizer containing compounds of phosphorus
Oasis A fertile or green area in a desert or wasteland, made so by the presence of water
Pastoralism An economic system or way of life based on the raising and herding of livestock
Ethnic diversity a variety of different ethnic groups
Infrastructure The basic facilities, services, and installations needed for the functioning of a community or society, such as transportation and communications systems, water and power lines, and public institutions including schools, post offices, and prisons.
Domesticate To adopt or make fit for domestic use or life.
Culture hearth the origin of a particular cultural trait and it is also the area from which the culture of a group diffused.
Cuneiform composed of slim triangular or wedge-shaped elements, as the characters used in writing by the ancient Akkadians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Persians, and others.
Hieroglyphics a system of writing, such as that of ancient Egypt, in which pictorial symbols are used to represent meaning or sounds or a combination of meaning and sound.
Monotheism The doctrine or belief that there is only one God
monotheism The doctrine or belief that there is only one God.
Mosque A building used as a place of Muslim worship
Nationalism The belief that nations will benefit from acting independently rather than collectively, emphasizing national rather than international goals
Nationalize To convert from private to governmental ownership and control
Embargo A prohibition by a government on certain or all trade with a foreign nation.
Ziggurat A temple tower of ancient Mesopotamia, having the form of a terraced pyramid of successively receding stories.
Bedouin An Arab of any of the nomadic tribes of the Arabian, Syrian, Nubian, or Sahara Deserts
Bazaar A fair or sale at which miscellaneous articles are sold, often for charitable purposes.
Arable Land fit to be cultivated.
Commodity A product or service that is indistinguishable from ones manufactured or provided by competing companies and that therefore sells primarily on the basis of price rather than quality or style
Petrochemical A chemical derived from petroleum or natural gas.
Gross domestic product The total market value of all the goods and services produced within the borders of a nation during a specified period.
Hajj A pilgrimage to Mecca during Dhu'l Hijja, considered obligatory for every Muslim who is capable of undertaking it at least once in his or her life.
Atlas Mountains A system of ranges and plateaus of northwest Africa extending from southwest Morocco to northern Tunisia between the Sahara Desert and the Mediterranean Sea and rising to 4,167 m
Caucasus Mountains A range running about 800 km (500 mi) southeast from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, dividing Russia from Georgia and Azerbaijan.
Arabian Peninsula another name for Arabia.
Persian Gulf An arm of the Arabian Sea between the Arabian Peninsula and southwest Iran. It has been an important trade route since ancient times and gained added strategic significance after the discovery of oil in the Gulf States in the 1930s.
Sinai Peninsula A peninsula linking southwest Asia with northeast Africa at the northern end of the Red Sea between the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba. Long held by Egypt, the Sinai was occupied by Israel in 1956 and from 1967 to 1982.
Anatolia The Asian part of Turkey. It is usually considered synonymous with Asia Minor.
Dead Sea A salt lake, about 420 m (1,380 ft) below sea level, at the mouth of the Jordan River. It is one of the saltiest bodies of water known and is the lowest point on the surface of the earth.
Caspian Sea A saline lake between southeast Europe and western Asia. It is the largest landlocked body of water on earth.
Aral Sea An inland sea lying between southern Kazakhstan and northwest Uzbekistan. Once the fourth-largest inland body of water in the world, it has largely disappeared because of diversion of its two sources, the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya.
Nile River the world's longest river (4150 miles); flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean; the Nile River valley in Egypt was the site of the world's first great civilization
Tigris River an Asian river; a tributary of the Euphrates River
Euphrates River a river in southwestern Asia; flows into the Persian Gulf; was important in the development of several great civilizations in ancient Mesopotamia
Sahara A vast desert of northern Africa extending east from the Atlantic coast to the Red Sea and south from the Atlas Mountains and the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahel
Rub’ al-Khali a desert in S Arabia, mainly in Saudi Arabia, extending southeast from Nejd to Hadramaut and northeast from Yemen to the United Arab Emirates
Kara-Kum a desert in central Asia, east of the Caspian Sea, that covers much of Turkmenistan. Russian name Karakumy.
Gulf of Aqaba part of the Red Sea that extends northward between the Sinai and Arabian peninsulas.
Strait of Hormuz a strait that links the Persian Gulf with the Gulf of Oman and that leads to the Arabian Sea and separates Iran from the Arabian peninsula.
Aswan High Dam a dam on the Nile forming a reservoir (Lake Nasser) extending 480 km (300 miles) from the First to the Third Cataracts
Created by: mariah.brielle