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Africa

TermDefinition
Alluvial Soil rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by moving water.
Wadi streambeds that remain dry until a heavy rain.
Phosphate a chemical used in fertilizers.
Oasis a place in the desert where underground water surfaces
Pastoralism the raising and grazing of livestock
Ethnic Diversity differences among groups based on their languages, customs, and beliefs.
Infrastructure basic urban necessities like streets
Domesticate take them from the wild and make them useful to people.
Culture Hearth centers where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outward.
Cuneiform wedge-shaped symbols written on wet clay tablets that were then baked to harden them.
Hieroglyphics a form of picture writing
Monotheism belief in one God
Prophet messengers
Mosque a house of worship where Muslims pray
Nationalism a belief in the right of an ethic group to have it own independence.
Nationalize place under government control
Embargo a ban on trade
Ziggurat mud-brick temples
Bedouin desert nomads
Bazaar traditional marketplace, a busting area ranging from a single street of stalls to an entire district in a large city
Arable small part of the region's land that is suitable for farming
Commodity economic goods
Petrochemical products derived from petroleum or natural gas
Gross domestic product the value of goods and services in a country in a year
Gross domestic product pilgrimage
Atlas Mountains Africa’s longest mountain range, extends across Morocco and Algeria.
Caucasus Mountains rise north of Mount Ararat between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea.
Arabian Peninsula To the east, the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden separate the Arabian Peninsula from Africa.
Persian Gulf frames this peninsula on the east, and the Arabian Sea borders it on the south.
Sinai Peninsula the northwest, the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba
Anatolia points west to the Aegean Sea.
Dead Sea sits at the mouth of the Jordan River.
Caspian Sea the largest inland body of water on Earth. This sea laps the shores of both Asia and Europe.
Aral Sea East of the Caspian Sea
Nile River the world’s longest river at 4,160 miles (6,693 km).
Tigris River flows mainly through Iraq.
Euphrates River flow mainly through Iraq.
Sahara the largest desert in the world at about 3.5 million square miles (about 9.1 million sq. km), covers most of North Africa.
Rub’ al-Khali or Empty Quarter, has the largest area of sand in the region.
Kara-Kum a desert in Central Asia
Gulf of Aqaba a large gulf at the northern tip of the Red Sea, east of the Sinai Peninsula and west of the Arabian mainland.
Strait of Hormuz a narrow, strategically important strait between the Gulf of Oman in the southeast and the Persian Gulf
Aswan High Dam The Aswan Dam is an embankment dam built across the Nile at Aswan, Egypt between 1898 and 1902
Created by: micherie.moore11