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North Africa and Middle East Vocabulary

Alluvial Soil rich soil made up of sand and mud deposited by moving water
Wadi streambeds that remain dry until a heavy rain
Phosphate a chemical used in fertilizers
Oasis a place in the desert where underground water surfaces
Pastorialism the raising and grazing of livestock
Ethnic Diversity differences among groups based on their languages customs and beliefs
Infrastructure basic urban necessities like streets and utilities
Domesticate take them from the wild and make them useful to people
Culture Hearth centers where cultures developed and from which ideas and traditions spread outwards
Cuneiform wedge-shaped symbols written on wet clay tablets that were then baked to harden them
Hieroglyphics a form of picture writing invented by the Egyptians
Monotheism belief in one god
Prophets messengers
Mosque a house of worship where Muslims pray
Nationalism a belief in the right of an ethnic group to have its own independent country
Nationlize placed under government control
Embargo ban on trade
Zigggurat large, mud-brick temples which were shaped like pyramids and rose above the flat landscape
Bedouin desert nomads
Bazaar traditional marketplace, a bustling area ranging from a single street of stalls to an entire district in a large city
Arable small part of the region's land that is suitable for farming
Commodity economic goods
Petrochemical products derived from petroleum or natural gas
Gross Domestic Product the value of goods and services in a country in a year
Hajj pilgrimage
Atlas Mountains extends across Morocco and Algeria; Africa's longest mountain range
Caucasus Mountains rise north of Mount Ararat between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea
Arabian Peninsula the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden separate this from Africa
Persian Gulf frames this peninsula on the east, and the Arabian Sea borders it to the south
Sinai Peninsula To the northwest, the Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aqaba flank this
Anatolia points west to the Aegean Sea
Dead Sea sits at the mouth of the Jordan River
Caspian Sea largest inland body of water on Earth
Aral Sea the sea east of the Caspian Sea
Nile River the world's longest river at 4,160 miles long
Tigris River flows through Iraq
Euphrates River flows through Iraq
Sahara the largest desert in the world at about 3.5 million square miles, covers most of North Africa
Rub' al-Khali has the largest area of sand in the region, called the Empty Quarter
Kara-Kum place in Central Asia
Gulf of Aqaba large gulf at the northern tip of the red sea
Strait of Hormuz between the gulf of oman and the persian gulf
Aswan High Dam an embankment dam built across the Nile at Aswan, Egypt between 1898 and 1902
Created by: blake.chustz