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Lesson 8 Review

How did Britain’s tradition of limited government help France avoid large-scale violence during the 19th century? Because they already learned during the 17th century, the Enlightenment
What were the two houses of Parliament in Britain The House of the Lords and House of the Commons
What is Parliament? Britain’s law-making body
What were the four major problems facing British society during the 19th century? Bad representation in Parliament, House of Lords was too powerful, few people could vote, and the British society was harsh
How did each of these problems get “solved” by British people and government? The Great Reform Act: would then give small cities more representatives and get rid of rough boroughs, working and farming men got the right to vote, and other reforms were passed to improve Britain citizens’ lifestyle
Which houses of Parliament favored who? House of Commons favored middle class and lower class and the House of the Lords favored rich people
What is suffrage? The right to vote
What were some differences in Britain and France's development of democracy? -France experienced much more violence than Britain -French couldn’t agree on what type of government to have
What are rough boroughs? Older districts with few voters sent several representatives
Why was the 19th century in France was so unstable and violent? Even though France had more violence there were 3 factions that caused fighting: the radicals, monarchists, and the moderates. The radicals wanted full voting rights, moderates wanted limited monarchy, and monarchists wanted absolutism.
Could women vote during the 1800's in Britain? No, they got the right to vote in 1918
Describe the revolutions that occurred in France in 1830. Napoleon passed away so Charles X took over as the French King in 1824. Charles wanted absolutism government. He restricted voting rights, the legislature, and imposed censorship. French took to the streets because they have had enough.
What happened to Charles X when the French citizens rebelled on the streets? Charles was exiled and the citizens won.
Describe what caused the revolutions that occurred in France in 1848. Louis Philippe took over France as the new king. Louis Philippe wasn't a good king so the citizens of France took to the streets. A dozen people got shot.
What happened in June 1848? French workers’ revolted, which began the June Days, because the socialists won their election and got rid of some good reforms. The government responded to the revolution with violent force, unlike 1830. Complete warfare had begun. Many workers died.
Who won the Revolution of 1848 aka June Days? Workers had lost June Days. This meant that the government had won and the violence had ended. Napoleon III was elected as new leader.
Who were the chartists? Chartists were reformers who supported the People’s Charter,
What was the People's Charter? A petition sent to Parliament in 1839
What would the People's Charter do? -Universal male suffrage -Secret ballot -Annual election of House of Commons -Get rid of property qualifications for members of House of Commons -Salaries for members of the House of Commons
What was the outcome of the People's Charter? Parliament rejected it, but it set the tone for future reforms. By 1918, all of the reforms Chartists called for had been enacted except yearly election of House of Commons
Explain what happened to Napoleon III. Louis Napoleon was popular with all French citizens. But he took lots of power for himself. In 1852, he named himself emperor of France. He was dictator of France until 1873. In 1852, France has had no improvement in the country.
Describe the events that led to the creation of the Third Republic in France. Louis's rule came to an end in 1870 when the Prussians captured him during the Franco-Prussian War. After this republicans in Paris proclaimed Third Republic (no king). They held elections for the National Assembly in February 1871.
How was the government in the third republic? There was universal male suffrage, two house legislature, a premier (prime minister) who would be executive power if France had a modern, democratic system in place
What did the Corn Laws do? Abolished tariffs on imported grain and helped lower bread prices
What is a premier? A prime minister
What are communards? A member of a commune
What is democracy? A system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives
What is a revolution? A forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system
What is Parliament? The highest legislature
When was the 19th century? 1801- 1990
What do the House of the Lords do? They could deny or make rules which would normally mainly benefit rich people
What section is the House of Commons in the Parliament? Is the lower house of the country
What does representatives mean? A person chosen or appointed to act or speak for another or others, in particular
What is a monarchist? A supporter of the principle of having monarchs
What is a radical? One who denotes political principles focused on altering social structures through revolutionary means and changing value systems in fundamental ways
What is a moderate? A person who holds moderate views, especially in politics
What is absolutism? The acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in political, philosophical, ethical, or theological matters
Created by: taylordobson