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Lesson 8 Review - SS

Lesson 8 in World History - Mr. Rowe

QuestionAnswer
Louis XVIII A king who died supporting limited government.
Charles X Became king after Louis XVIII died. He refused to have a limited government and sought to return the government to absolutism.
Radical Someone who wanted a republic with full voting rights.
Moderate Someone who wanted a limited monarchy with limited voting rights for citizens.
Monarchist Someone who wanted to return to an absolutist monarchy.
Revolution of 1830 The people fought for several days against Charles X until he went into exile because they wanted a limited government.
Louis Philippe The first king to be elected. He had a limited government but did not give the people complete freedom.
Revolution of 1848 The people wanted a democracy but king Louis Philippe was not willing to give it to them. Thousands of people went to fight in the streets. Eventually Louis fled.
Second Republic Gave universal male suffrage, end of slavery, and the death penalty was abolished.
June Days A workers' revolt started this. Led to a full scale class warfare in Paris. 10,000 workers were killed. This ended the 1848 war.
Louis Napoleon (Napoleon III) He became king after the war of 1848.This man was a good king at first but soon became power hungry and named himself emporer.
France-Prussian War During this war Napoleon III was captured and his rule ended.
Third Republic This was created after Napoleon's rule ended. With this there would never be a king again.
Paris Commune An organization set up by radicals to push for a communist style in France.
Communards Members of the Paris Commune.
Premier A prime minister that would be the executive power.
Limited government The government gives the people complete freedom.
Parliament The highest legislature (The 2 houses in this are the House of Commons and Lords).
House of Commons The representation of the citizens.
House of Lords The representation of the aristocrats.
Rotten boroughs A borough that was able to elect a representative to Parliament.
Suffrage The right to vote in political elections.
Universal suffrage When all people have the right to vote no matter what their sex, race, wealth, religion, or social status.
Women's suffrage The right for women to vote.
Tariff A tax to be paid on imports or exports.
Reform Act of 1832 This act gave more seats to the House of Commons and representation was given to growing industrial areas.
Chartists A working class movement. The aim of this group was to gain political rights.
Petition A written request, signed by many people, to show the government that the people want something.
Property qualifications A qualification that you must have to be able to have the right to vote.
Prime minister The head of an elected government
Benjamin Disraeli A British politician and writer who served twice as Prime Minister.
William Gladstone An English politician who was Prime Minister four times.
Reform act of 1867 This act gave many working class men the ability to vote.
Secret ballot A ballot in which votes are cast in secret.
Reform Act of 1884 This act redistributed seats in Parliament to more accurately fit the population.
Parliament Act of 1911 This act gave the House of Commons power over the House of Lords. The House of Lords' power was restricted and they lost their ability to veto tax bills.
Reform Act of 1918 This act gave all men over 21 and all women over 30 the right to vote.
William Wilberforce An English politician and a leader of the movement to eliminate the slave trade.
Corn Laws Imposed restrictions and tariffs on imported grain