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World History Sem. 1

This is the vocabulary for world history....Chapter 6

TermDefinition
Republic only free born males can vote
patrician wealthy land owners; inherited their power.held most power
plebian common people; farmers & merchants. majority of the population
tribune elected representives to protect the rights of the plebians
consul 2 commanded the army and government
senate the upper house of the United States Congress
dictator A ruler who has complete power over a country
legion all citizen land owners
punic wars Rome vs. Carthage
hannibal the great Carthaginian leader
civil war a war between people in the same country
julius caesar conqueror of Gaul and master of Italy (100-44 BC)
triumvirate In ancient Rome, a group of three leaders sharing control of the government.
augustus First emperor of the Roman Empire. Julius Caesar's grand-nephew.
paxRomana long era of peace and saftey in roman empire
jesus Religious leader and founder of Christianity
apostle any important early teacher of Christianity or a Christian missionary to a people
paul Follower of Jesus who helped spread Christianity throughout the Roman world
diaspora scattering of the Jews
constantine first Christian emperor
bishop high-ranking church official with authority over a local area, or diocese
peter disciple of Jesus and leader of the apostles
pope the head of the Roman Catholic Church
inflation Increased prices for goods and services combined with the reduced value of money
mercenary a person hired to fight for another country than their own
diocletian Roman emperor who divided the empire in two and oversaw the eastern part
conatantinople capital of eastern roman empire- named after constantine
attila Leader of the Huns who put pressure on the Roman Empire's borders during the 5th century.
greco-roman culture an ancient culture that developed from a blending of Greek, Hellenistic, and Roman cultures.
pompeii Roman town covered by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius
virgil a Roman poet
tacitus roman historian
aqueduct a structure that carries water over long distances
Created by: Samanthas1583