Normal Size Small Size show me how
Unit 4 Vocab
|The legal incorporation of some territory into another geo-political entity (either adjacent or non-contiguous).
|Area governed by a system known as the Antarctic Treaty System which is administered through annual meetings
|Laws (no longer in effect) in South Africa that physically separated different races into different geographic areas
|A small geographic area that could not successfully be organized into one or more stable states because it is inhabited by many ethnicities with complex, long-standing antagonisms toward each other
|The complex representation of the environment around state boundaries
|When two or more states disagree about the demarcation of a political boundary
|also known as Genetic Political Boundaries because it has to do with the evolution of boundaries
|An independent but small and weak country that is lying between two powerful countries
|Associated with its government, it physically encompasses the offices and meeting places of the seat of government and fixed by law
|Forces that tend to divide a country-such as internal religious, linguistic, ethnic or ideological differences
|Forces that tend to unify a country-such as widespread commitment to a national culture, shared ideological objectives and a common faith
|A sovereign state comprising a city and its immediate hinterland
|An attempt by one country to establish settlements and to impose its political economic and cultural principles in another territory
|A uniting or being united in a league or alliance
|Spatial structure of an economic system in which underdeveloped or declining peripheral areas are defined with respect to their dependence on a dominating developed core region.
|The action of changing from colonial to independent status.
|Movement of economic, social and cultural processes out of the hands of states.
|The transfer of certain powers from the state central government to separate political subdivisions within the state's territory
|The political theory that if one nation comes under communist control then neighboring nations will also come under communist control.
|Exclusive Economic Zone
|As established in the United Nations Convention on the law of the Sea, a zone of exploration extending 200 nautical miles seaward from a coastal state that has exclusive mineral and fishing rights over it
|The different voting districts that make up local, state and national regions
|A small bit of foreign territory within a state but not under its jurisdiction
|A portion of a state that is separated from the main territory and surrounded by another country
|A political territorial system where in a central government represents the various entities within a nation-state where they have common interests; defense, foreign affairs, and yet allows these various entities to retain their own identities and laws
|Is the area of a country, province, region or state regarded as enjoying primary status, although there are exceptions
|A zone separating two states in which neither state exercises political control
|Political boundary defined and delimited as a straight line or an arc.
|The influence of the habitat on political entities
|The drawing of electoral district boundaries in an awkward pattern to enhance the voting impact of one constituency at the expense of another
|Is that which no one person or state may own or control and which is central to life
|The interior of a sizable landmass, removed from maritime connections in particular the interior of the Eurasian continent
|An international alliance involving many different countries
|Ideological and physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas from the end of WWII in 1945 until the end of the Cold War
|The policy of a state wishing to incorporate within its territory inhabited by people who have ethnic or linguistic links with the country but lies within a neighboring state
|A state that does not have a direct outlet to the sea
|Law of the Sea
|Agreement signed by 158 nations that has standardized the territorial limits for most countries at 12 nautical miles
|Was the 19th century American belief that the United States was destined to expand across the North American continent, from the Atlantic seaboard to the Pacific Ocean
|An approach to dividing and creating boundaries at the midpoint between two places
|A state that encompasses a very small land area
|A culturally distinctive group of people occupying a specific territory and bound together by a sense of unity arising from shared ethnicity, belief and customs
|Branch of knowledge dealing with representations of people or objects in art and design, hence the symbolism in a design
|Member of the modern state system possessing formal sovereignty and with people possessing bonds of shared cultural attributes
|Political boundary defined and delimited by a prominent physical feature in the natural landscape.
|Process by which representative districts are switched according to population shifts, so that each district encompasses approximately the same number of people
|Political geographical group, frequently an ethnic group identification with a particular region of a state rather than with the state as a whole
|The act of coming together again
|A small weak country dominated by one powerful neighbor to the extent that some or much of its independence is lost
|A centralized authority that enforces a single political, economical and legal system within its territorial boundaries
|Stateless ethnic groups
|Ethnic groups that share certain cultural, political and/or historic qualities, such as religion, location or art, but do not share enough qualities to be recognized as a nationality or nation
|A group that does not have a state.
|The civil right to vote
|A method of decision-making in multi-national political communities, wherein power is transferred or delegated to an authority by governments of member states
|A disagreement over the possession or control of land between two or more states
|An impact on the ability of ruling governments to impose law and policy on state territory
|A behavior pattern in animals consisting of the occupation and defense of a territory
|A form of government in which a god or deity is recognized as the state's supreme civil ruler
|Name given to the port cities that were opened to foreign trade by the Unequal Treaties.
|A sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate
|The maritime fringe of a country or continent in particular the western, southern and eastern edges of the Eurasian continents