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Medical Terminology

Root-suffix-prefix-abbreviations

TermDefinition
seb sebaceous glands
cutane, dermat, derm skin
hidr sweat glands
pil hair
oste, oss, ost bones
chond cartilage
arthr joints
ligament ligaments
myel bone marrow
fasci fascia
my muscles
ten, tend, tendin tendons
encephal brain
acoust, ot ears
ocul, opthalm eyes
neur nerves
myel spinal cord
arteri arteries
hem, hemat blood
card, cardi heart
phleb, ven veins
capill capillaries
lymph lymph
splen spleen
thym thymus
tonsill tonsils
laryng larynx
pneum, pnuemon lungs
nas nose
pharyng pharynx
trache trachea
sinus sinuses
esophag esophagus
col large intestine
hepat liver
or mouth
pancreat pancreas
enter intestine
gastr stomach
nephr, ren kidneys
ureter ureters
urethr urethra
cyst, vesic urinary bladder
adren adrenals
gonad gonads
pancreat pancreas
pineal pineal
pituit pituitary
thym thymus
thyroid thyroid
orch, orchid, test, testicul testicles
oophor, ovari ovaries
hyster, metr, metri, uter uterus
-al pertaining to
-ase enzyme
-blast budding
-centesis surgical puncture
-cidal causing death
-clast broken
-crit to separate
-cyte cell
-ectomy excision or surgical removal
-emia blood condition
-emesis vomiting
-gen, -genesis, -genic producing
-glia glue
-gram something written
-ia condition of, diseased or abnormal state
-iac, -ic, -ior pertaining to
-ism state of
-itia, -itis inflammation
-logy study of
-lyte dissolvable
-lytic destroy, reduce
-mania madness or insane desire
-megaly enlargement
-meter instrument used to measure
-odia smell
-ologist one who studies and practices
-oma tumor or swelling
-opia vision
-opsy to view
-orrhea flow, excessive discharge
-orrehexis rupture
-osis abnormal increase in production
-ostomy creation of an artificial opening
-otomy cut into or incision
-oxia oxygen
-pathy disease
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument used for visual examination
-scopy visual examination
-sepsis infection
-spasm sudden involuntary muscle contraction
-stasis control or stop
-tomy cutting
-tropic influencing
a-, an- without or absence of
ab- from or away
ad- to or towards
ana- up
ante- before
anti- against
append- to hang something
bi-, bin- two
brady- slow
contra- against
di- two
dis- to undo, free from
ecto-, exo-, extra- outside
epi- upon
erythr- red
endo- within
glyc- sweet
hyper- over
hypo- beneath, below
im- not
infra- under
inter- between
intra- inside
iso- equal
macro- large
mal- bad
meso- middle
meta- after
micro- small
mono- one
multi- many
mut- change
neo- new
para- beside
patho- disease
peri- surrounding
poly- many
post- after
pre- before
pseudo- false
re- back, again
retro- backward or behind
semi- half
sub- under or below
super- over or above
syn- together or joined
tachy- fast
tetra- four
trans- through, across, beyond
tri- three
ultra- beyond; excess
uni- one
AA Alcoholics Anonymous
a.c. before meals
AD, a.d. right ear
ad lib freely, as often as desired
am, AM morning
AS, a.s. left ear
AU, a.u. each ear
BE barium enema
BID. b.i.d., bid twice a day
BP blood pressure
BR bedrest
BRP bathroom privileges
BM bowel movement
Bx biopsy
c with
CA, Ca carcinoma (cancer)
cap. capsule
disc, DC, d.c. discontinue
DNR do not resuscitate
Dx, dx diagnosis
ED emergency department
ER emergency room
Fx, fx fracture
g, gm gram
gt, gtt drop, drops
h hour
h.s. hour of sleep (bedtime)
Ht., ht height
inj. injection
I and O, I/O input and output
IV intravenous
K+, K Potassium
mg milligram
N&V nausea and vomiting
Na, Na+ Sodium
NC nasal cannula
NPO nothing by mouth
NPO p MN nothing by mouth past midnight
oint., ung ointment
OOB out of bed
OTC over the counter
oz. ounce
P pulse
p.c. after meals
pH power of hydrogen concentration
PM, p.m. afternoon
PO, po, p.o. by mouth
PRN as needed
q.am. every morning
q.h. every hour
q.i.d. four times a day
QNS quantity not sufficient
q.s. quantity sufficient
r, R rectal
Rx prescription
s without
SOB shortness of breath
ss one-half
stat immediately
syr. syrup
susp. suspension
sup., supp. suppository
T temperature
tab. tablet
tbsp. tablespoon
TID, t.i.d. three times a day
TPR temperature, pulse, respirations
tsp. teaspoon
Tx treatment
VS vital signs
W/C, w/c wheelchair
parathyroid parathyroids
Created by: navthesav