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WRLD CIV ISLM.EMPRS.

Mr. Stickler's Liberty Christian WRLD CIV Islamic Empires & World Religions 2019

QuestionAnswer
What does the term "Allah" mean/ refer to? This is the Arabic word for God. (Pg. 188)
What is the sacred site of the Islamic religion and why do Muslims hold it site as sacred? The city of Makkah (Mecca). This is a sacred site because the "Black Stone" - the cornerstone of a house of worship built by Abraham & Ishmael - still stands at this spot. (Pgs. 188 & 189)
What happened to Muhammad and how did he become an important prophet in the Islamic religion? The angel Gabriel visited him and and revealed God's word to him. He wrote down what Gabriel said to him as he was told to do. His writings became the basis for the Quran. (Pgs. 189 - 190)
Who was the first convert to the Islamic religion? (Pg. 189) The 1st convert to Islam was Muhammad's wife, Khadija. (Pg. 189)
What does the term "Islam" mean? This term means "submission to the will of Allah". (Pg. 190)
What is the name of the pilgrimage to Mecca? This pilgrimage is called the "hajj". (Pg. 190)
What are the 5 Pillars of Islam? 1.) Charity & alms-giving; 2.) Making a profession of faith; 3.) Fast during Ramada; 4.) Make the pilgrimage to Mecca (if possible); 5.) Prayer 5 times a day. (Pgs. 190)
What does the term "shari'ah" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the law code developed by Muslim scholars. (Pg. 191)
What does the term "caliph" mean? This term means "successor to Muhammad". (Pg. 192)
What does the term "jihad" mean and how is it practiced by Muslims? This term means "holy war". Muslims use this term to refer to bad habits that they want to get rid of so that they can become better Muslims. (Class notes.)
What are the names of the two (2) branches of Islam? The two (2) branches of this religion are: Sunni & Shia. (Pg. 194)
What is the difference between the two (2) branches of Islam? The Shia accept "only the descendants of Ali - Muhammad's son-in-law - are the true rulers of Islam. The Sunni agreed with the Umayyads and accepted caliphs as Islamic rulers. (Pg. 194)
What does the term "sultan" mean/ refer to? This term means "holder of power". The term came into use in 1055 when a Turkish leader captured Baghdad & took command of the empire. (Pg. 197)
Who were the Mongols? This was a group of pastoral, horse-riding people who conquered most of the Gobi Desert and surrounding regions in the early 13th century.
What does the term "minaret" mean/ refer to? This term refers to "the tower of a mosque from which the muezzin calls the (Islamic) faithful to prayer".
Why do Muslims believe that the only way to recite the Quran aloud is to chant or sing it?` Muslims believe this because they believe that the Quran contains the direct words of God as they were reveled to Muhammad through Gabriel, the Archangel. Singing the words is the proper way to show respect for God's word.
When did the 1st Crusade begin? This began in 1096 C.E.
What does the term "muezzin" mean/refer to? This term refers to the "crier" who calls the Muslim faithful to prayer five times a day from the minaret.
List two (2) things that were invented by Islamic scholars/ inventors that we learned about during this chapter. 1.) The Astrolabe; 2.) "Arabic" numeral system.
What does the term "Hijrah" mean/ refer to? This term refers to an important event in the life of Muhammad. This was when Muhammad and his followers were forced out of Makkah in 622 C.E. They ended up settling in Madinah.
What does the term "vizier" mean/ refer to? This was the name of the prime minister of the government during the Abbasid Dynasty.
What does the term "dowry" mean/ refer to? This term refers to an amount of money paid to a bride by their fiance or his family prior to marriage.
What is one (1) of the sacred sites of Hinduism that we learned about? One of their sacred sites is the Ganges River.
What is the Islamic sacred book called? This book is called the Quran.
What is one of the sacred sites of Judaism? One Jewish sacred site is the Western Wall that surrounds the 2nd Jerusalem Temple.
What is the name of the Jewish sacred book? Their sacred book is called the Torah.
What is one (1) of the sacred sites of Sikhism? One (1) of their sacred sites is the Golden Temple in Amritsar.
What is the name of the sacred book of Sikhism? Their sacred book is called the "Adi Granth" (or "Principal Book").
What is one (1) of the sacred symbols of Confucianism? One (1) of their sacred symbols is the "yin - yang" symbol.
What is considered the "sacred book" of Confucianism? Their sacred book is called the "Analects".
What is a "menorah"? "This is a candelabrum used in Jewish worship, especially one with eight branches and a central socket used at Hanukkah".
What is the importance of the "Western Wall" to "Judaism"? The importance of this site is that it is what is left of the structure that surrounded the Second Jerusalem Temple, built after the Jews' return from Babylonian captivity.
What is the spiritual capital of Sikhism? The spiritual capital of this religion is The Golden Temple.
What is the name of the sacred symbol of Sikhism? The name of this is the "khanda".
What do most local "indigenous Religions" reflect in their beliefs and practices? These religions reflect a "close relationship with the environment".
What does the term "animism" mean/ refer to? This term refers to the belief that natural features are sacred (ex: trees, rocks, etc) and have a soul.
Created by: sticklerpjpII