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History Chp6

The Middle Ages

TermDefinition
feudal system the system of landownership in the Middle Ages
fief an area of land which the king granted a lord in return for a promise to fight for the king.
motte a man-made hill on which a castle was built.
bailey the courtyard of a medieval castle.
moat a deep ditch dug around the walls of a castle.
keep a large square tower.
portcullis an iron gate which could be lowered over the entrance of a castle during an attack.
turret a small tower built on a castle wall.
barbican a defensive gatehouse at the entrance of a castle.
fosterage the children of a lord and lady of the castle were sent to other noble families to supervise their upbringing
hawking birds of prey hunt for small animals
manor the village and surrounding lands owned by the lord.
demesne the land the lord kept for his own private use; those lands he did not rent to others
page the first stage of a knight's training. Young boys from 7 were taught manners and basic fighting skills
squire the second stage of a knight's training. Squires assisted knights and learned to fight with real weapons
tournament contest between knights
jousting two knights on horseback charge at each other with a lance.
chivalry a code of conduct for knights.
open field system the land in a village was divided into three large fields and then divided into different strips, which were farmed by the serfs.
serf a peasant who was not allowed to leave the village without the lord's permission.
freemen they were skilled workers who paid rent to the nobles and were free to move if they wanted to.
tithe every year the serfs had to give one tenth of their crop to the parish priest for the upkeep of the church.
pottage a vegetable stew.
charter a list of rules for a medieval town or city.
toll money that had to be paid in order to trade in a medieval town.
curfew once darkness came, townspeople had to extinguish all fires.
guild an organisation for craft workers which had strict rules for all its members.
pillory an offender's hand and head were locked in a wooden frame.
stocks
sanctuary a place of refuge from the law within church grounds.
cloister a walled, enclosed area in a monastery where monks prayed.
abbot the monk in charge of a monastery.
tonsure the shaving of the crown of a monk's head.
chapter house where the monks held daily meetings.
refectory the dining room in a monastery.
infirmarian a monk that looked after visitors and distributed food to the poor.
black death a medieval plague spread by fleas.
Normans William the Conqueror invaded England at the Battle of Hastings
1169 the Normans invaded Ireland under the leadership of Strongbow.
Almoner A monk who looked after poor people who came to the monastery looking for help
Created by: cbstullamore